Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
 
Click on images to enlarge
Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church
7 West 55th Street at Fifth Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10019
http://www.fapc.org


Organ Specifications:
Fifth Avenue corner West 55th Street (since 1875):
IV/118 Austin Organs, Inc., as rev. (2003)
IV/120 Austin Organs, Inc., Op. 2347 (1961)
IV/73 Ernest M. Skinner Company, Op. 206 (1913)
III/51 J.H. & C.S. Odell, Op. 316 (1893)
III/49 George Jardine & Son (1875)
Fifth Avenue at 19th Street (1852-1875):
III/36 George Jardine & Son (1855)

See also the organs in the Chapel and Lecture Room.
           

Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)

 
The original organ for Fifth Avenue Prebyterian Church was built in 1855 by George Jardine & Son of New York City. When the present church was built in 1873-75, Jardine was asked to move and rebuild the organ, adding the 32' Double Diapason which is still in use today. In 1893, a new organ of 3 manuals and 44 stops was built by John Odell of New York City. Both the Jardine and Odell organs were powered by a hydraulic motor—a steam engine pumped water to a tank above the tower's E. Howard & Co. clock, then the water flowed by gravity to a basement cistern, operating the feeders of the bellows. A gradual conversion to electric power followed. In 1913, Ernest M. Skinner of Boston was awarded the contract to build his Opus 206, a new four-manual and pedal organ for the Sanctuary, plus a two-manual organ for the Lecture Room. Skinner also carved the magnificent case which strongly resembles that of the organ in St. Bartholomew's, Armley, Leeds. Skinner altered the organ in 1945 and again in 1955. In 1961, Austin Organs, Inc. of Hartford, Conn., installed an entirely new organ that was later altered.

Noteworthy organists at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church have included William Mason (Lowell's son), Eugene Thayer, Harold Gleason, W. Lynnwood Farnam, Robert S. Baker, Richard Bouchett, William Whitehead, and Terence Flanagan.
           
  Wicks Console (1996) on Austin Organ, Op. 2347 (1961) at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
 
Wicks Console (1996)
Austin Organs, Inc.
Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2347 (1961), as of 2003
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 119 registers, 86 stops, 115 pipe ranks, 4 combination pipe and digital ranks




The present organ was built in 1961 by Austin Organs of Hartford, Conn., as their Opus 2347. In 1996, a new solid-state four-manual drawknob console built by the Wicks Organ Company of Highland, Ill., was installed, retaining the ivory keyboards from the previous 1961 Austin console. In 1998, Austin Organs rebuilt and releathered the mechanisms of the instrument. Daniel L. Angerstein tonally revoiced the organ in 1999, replacing several pipe ranks and providing new digital ranks. Following is the specification as of 2003.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Violone
61
2
  Waldflöte
61
16
  Bourdon
digital
  Fourniture V ranks
305
8
  Diapason
61
 
  Klein Mixtur III ranks
183
8
  Spitz Principal
61
 
  Scharf III ranks
183
8
  Gemshorn
61
 
  Sesquialtera II ranks
122
8
  Bourdon
61
16
  Double Trumpet
61
4
  Octave
61
8
  Trumpet
61
4
  Spitzflöte
61
4
  Clarion
61
4
  Lieblichflöte
61
  Tremulant
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
 
  Great to Great 16'  
2
  Fifteenth
61
    Great Unison Off  

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt *
80
  Plein Jeu V ranks
305
16
  Contra Dulciana *
80
  Cymbale III ranks
183
8
  Geigen Principal
68
16
  Petite Trompette
80
8
  Hohlflöte
68
8
  Trompette
68
8
  Gedeckt (fr. 16' Lieb. Ged.)
8
  Cornopean (fr. Pet. Trpt.)
8
  Viole de Gambe
68
8
  Oboe
68
8
  Voix Celeste
68
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Erzähler
68
4
  Clarion
68
8
  Erzähler Celeste (GG)
61
  Tremulant
8
  Dulciana II ranks (fr. 16') +
  Vox Humana Tremulant
8
  Unda Maris (TC)
56
    Swell to Swell 16'  
4
  Geigen Octave
68
    Swell Unison Off  
4
  Rohrflöte
68
    Swell to Swell 4'  
4
  Voix Angelique II ranks +
68
       
2
  Flageolet
61
   
+ Celeste rank is digital

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Quintaton
digital
 1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Viola
68
  Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Viola Celeste
68
16
  Bass Clarinet
80
8
  Rohrgedeckt
68
8
  Trumpet
digital
8
  Flûte Conique
68
8
  Clarinet (fr. 16')
8
  Flûte Celeste (GG)
61
4
  Rohrschalmei
68
4
  Principal
68
  Tremulant
4
  Nachthorn
68
 
 
Harp Celesta (TC)
49 bars
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
    Choir to Choir 16'  
2
  Spindle Flute
61
    Choir Unison Off  
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
    Choir to Choir 4'  

     

     
Positiv Organ (floating) – 61 notes
8
  Spitzflöte
61
1
  Sifflöte
61
8
  Nason Flute
61
 
  Mixture IV ranks
244
4
  Prinzipal
61
 
  Zymbel III ranks
183
4
  Koppelflöte
61
8
  Krummhorn 
61
2
  Oktav
61
 
  Tremulant  
1 1/3
  Quint
61
 
  Positiv to Positiv 16'  

     

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Flûte harmonique
digital
8
  Flügel Horn
68
8
  Cello
68
8
  English Horn
68
8
  Cello Celeste
68
4
  Clarion
68
4
  Orchestral Flute
61
  Tremulant
 
  Harmonics VII ranks
427
 
  Chimes
digital
16
  Contre Bombarde *
68
 
  Cymbelstern
digital
16
  Basset Horn
digital
    Solo to Solo 16'
8
  Bombarde
68
    Solo Unison Off  
8
  French Horn
68
    Solo to Solo 4'  

     

     
Tuba Organ (floating) – 61 notes (25" wind pressure)
16
  Tuba Magna (TC)
  Tuba on Swell
8
  Tuba Magna
73
    Tuba on Great  
4
  Tuba Magna (fr. 8')
    Tuba on Choir  
    Tuba on Solo       Tuba on Pedal  

     

     
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Double Diapason
44
4
  Choral Bass
32
32
  Contra Gamba
44
4
  Blockflöte
44
32
  Contre Bourdon
56
4
  Lieblichflöte
SW
16
  Diapason (fr. 32' DD)
 2
  Blockflöte (fr. 4')
16
  Principal
32
    Mixture IV ranks
128
16
  Gamba (fr. 32' CG) *
32
  Grand Cornet VII rks (derived)
44
16
  Violone
GT
32
  Contre Bombarde (ext. Solo)
12
16
  Subbass (fr. 32' SB)
16
  Posaune
56
16
  Bourdon
GT
16
  Bombarde *
SO
 
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
16
  Double Trumpet
GT
16
  Dulciana *
SW
16
  Petite Trompette
SW
16
  Quintaton *
CH
16
  Clarinet
CH
10 2/3
  Gross Quint
44
8
  Posaune (fr. 16')
8
  Octave
32
8
  Trumpet
GT
8
  Spitzflöte
32
4
  Posaune (fr. 16')
8
  Bourdon
32
4
  Clarion
GT
8
  Gedeckt
SW
4
  Krummhorn
POS
5 1/3
  Quint (fr. 10-2/3')
    Chimes
SO
               
Antiphonal Organ (floating) – 61 notes, expressive
8
  Diapason
digital
8
  Vox Humana
digital
8
  Melodia
digital
  Tremulant
digital
8
  Muted Viole
digital
  Antiph. to Antiph. 4'
8
  Viole Celeste
digital
  Antiph. on Solo
8
  Flute Celeste II ranks
digital
    Antiph. on Swell
4
  Octave
digital
    Antiph. on Great  
2
  Zauberflöte
digital
    Antiph. on Choir  
8
  Corno di Amore
digital
       

     

     
Antiphonal Pedal Organ (floating) – 32 notes, expressive
32
  Sanftbass
digital
8
  Open Bass
digital
16
  Violone
digital
8
  Still Gedeckt
digital
16
  Rohrgedeckt
digital
16
  Fagotto
digital
16
  Flûte conique
digital

     
         
* pipe ranks enhanced by digital
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Choir 8'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir 8'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Positiv on Choir
    Positiv on Pedal   Choir to Swell 8'
    Pedal to Great 8'   Solo to Swell 8'
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Positiv on Swell
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Great to Solo 8'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell to Solo 16', 8', 4'
    Positiv on Great   Choir to Solo 16', 8', 4'
             
Adjustable Combinations
   
Tuba Organ Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb)
Antiphonal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Solo Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 (thumb)
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 (thumb)
Choir Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 (thumb)
Positiv Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (toe)
Couplers Pistons I-II-III-IV
Generals Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16
  17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24 (thumb & toe)
  General Cancel (thumb)
  Pedal Cancel (toe)
  Set (thumb)
  Memory Level Down (1 thumb)
  Memory Level Up (3 thumb)
             
Reversibles
    Solo to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Tutti A (thumb & toe spoon)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Tutti B (thumb & toe spoon)
    Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Tutti C (thumb & toe spoon)
    Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)   VII Grand Cornet (toe spoon)
    Positiv to Pedal (thumb & toe)   32 Double Diapason (toe spoon)
    Swell to Great (thumb)   32 Contra Gamba (toe spoon)
    Choir to Great (thumb)   32 Contre Bourdon (toe spoon)
    Positiv to Great (thumb)   32 Contre Bombarde (toe spoon)
    Solo to Great (thumb)   32 Adj. Rev. (toe)
    Cymbalstern (thumb & toe)    
             
Accessories
    Wind Indicator Light   Tutti A Indicator Light
    Pulpit Signal Light   Tutti B Indicator Light
    Narthex Signal Light   Tutti C Indicator Light
    Choir Signal Light   Great to Choir Ind. Light
        All Swells to Swell Ind. Light
             
Expression Shoes
   
Balanced Pedal I ) Assignable to Solo, Swell, Choir, and Antiphonal divisions
by push-button selector panel to right of music rack
Balanced Pedal II )
Balanced Pedal III )
Crescendo Pedal    
           

Original console of Austin Organ, Op. 2347 (1961) at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Ken Stein)
   
  Austin Organ, Op. 2347 (1961) at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City
Austin Organs, Inc.
Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2347 (1961)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 117 registers, 90 stops, 120 ranks


After nearly a half century of service, the 1913 Skinner organ was replaced by a large new organ built in 1961 by Austin Organs, Inc., of Hartford. As originally built, this organ had 120 ranks, 18 of which were retained from the previous E.M. Skinner organ. The 1959 contract, totalling $132,300, called for a newly designed Austin drawknob console with a capture combination action and imported English ivory keyboards, and modifications to the Skinner case to provide room for a choir and instrumentalists. Dr. Robert Baker, organist and choirmaster of the church from 1953-62, served as consultant.

The Fifth Avenue Presbyterian organ was one of a "quartet" of large and important Austin organs installed in the 1960s in New York City, the others being at the Church of the Heavenly Rest (Op. 1586-B, 1961), First Presbyterian (Op. 2408, 1961) and Brick Presbyterian (Op. 2400, 1963).
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
  First Chorus:  
  Secondary Chorus:  
16
  Violone
61
8
  Spitz Prinzipal
68
8
  Diapason
61
8
  Bourdon
68
4
  Octave
61
8
  Gemshorn
68
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
4
  Spitzflöte
68
2
  Fifteenth
61
4
  Quintaton
68
  Fourniture V ranks
305
2
  Waldflöte
61
  Scharf III ranks
183
  Sesquialtera II ranks
122
   
  Klein Mixtur III ranks
183
   
16
  Double Trumpet
68
   
8
  Trumpet
68
   
4
  Clarion
68
   
  Tremulant
   
  Sub
   
  Unison Off
   
  Super

 

     

 

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
80
2
  Flageolet
61
16
  Contra Dulciana
80
  Plein Jeu V ranks
305
8
  Geigenprinzipal
68
  Cymbale III ranks
183
8
  Hohlflöte
68
16
  Contra Fagotto
80
8
  Gedeckt (fr. Lieb.Ged.)
8
  Trompette
68
8
  Viole de Gambe
68
8
  Fagotto (fr. 16')
8
  Voix Celeste
68
8
  Oboe
68
8
  Erzähler
68
4
  Clairon
68
8
  Erzähler Celeste (GG)
61
 8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Dulciana (fr. 16')
  Tremulant
8
  Unda Maris (TC)
56
  Sub
4
  Geigenoctav
68
  Unison Off  
4
  Rohrflöte
68
  Super  
4
  Dulcet
68
     

 

     

 

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Quintaton
68
 1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Rohrgedeckt
68
  Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Viola
68
16
  Bass Clarinet
80
8
  Viola Celeste
68
8
  Trumpet
68
8
  Flute Conique
68
8
  Clarinet (fr. 16')
8
  Flute Celeste (GG)
61
4
  Rohrschalmei
68
4
  Principal
68
  Tremulant 
4
  Nachthorn
68
 
Celesta (TC)
49 bars
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
    Sub  
2
  Spindelflöte
61
    Unison Off  
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
    Super  

 

     

 

     
Positiv Organ (floating) – 61 notes
8
  Nason Flute
61
1
  Sifflöte
61
8
  Spitzflöte
61
 
  Mixture IV ranks
244
4
  Prinzipal
61
 
  Zymbel III ranks
183
4
  Koppelflöte
61
8
  Krummhorn 
61
2
  Oktav
61
 
  Tremulant  
1 1/3
  Quint
61
 
     

 

     

 

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Concert Flute
68
8
  Flügel Horn
68
8
  Violincello
68
4
  Clairon
68
8
  Cello Celeste
68
  Tremulant
4
  Harmonic Flute
68
 
Chimes
25 tubes
 
  Grand Chorus VII ranks
427
  Sub  
16
  Contre Bombarde
68
 
  Unison Off  
8
  Bombarde
68
  Super
8
  French Horn
68
     
8
  English Horn
68
 
Cymbelstern
4 bells
               
Tuba Organ (floating) – 61 notes (25" wind pressure)
16
  Tuba Magna (TC)
4
  Tuba Magna (fr. 8')
8
  Tuba Magna
73
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason
44
4
  Choral Bass
32
32
  Contre Bourdon
56
4
  Blockflöte
44
32
  Contra Gamba
44
4
  Lieblichflöte
SW
16
  Open Diapason (fr. 32' DOD)
2
  Blockflöte (fr. 4')
16
  Principal
32
    Grand Cornet VII (derived)
44
16
  Bourdon (fr. 32' CB)
    Mixture IV ranks
128
16
  Violone
32
32
  Contre Bombarde
32
16
  Gamba (fr. 32' CG)
16
  Posaune
56
16
  Quintaton
CH
16
  Bombarde
SO
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
16
  Double Trumpet
GT
16
  Dulciana
SW
16
  Fagotto
SW
10 2/3
  Gross Quint
44
16
  Clarinet
CH
8
  Octave
32
8
  Posaune (fr. 16')
8
  Spitzflöte
32
8
  Trumpet
GT
8
  Bourdon
4
  Posaune (fr. 16')
8
  Quintaton
CH
4
  Clarion
SO
8
  Gedeckt
SW
4
  Krummhorn
PO
5 1/3
  Quint (fr. 10 2/3')
    Chimes
SO
           
  E.M. Skinner Organ, Op. 206 (1913) formerly at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church)
 
Ernest M. Skinner Organ Case (1913)
Ernest M. Skinner Company
Boston, Mass. – Opus 206 (1913)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 87 registers, 66 stops, 73 ranks





E.M. Skinner Console, Op. 206 (1913) at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church)  
In 1913, a new organ was built by Ernest M. Skinner, who also carved the present organ case. The choir loft in front of the case was at this time much smaller, providing space only for a quartet of singers used to lead the congregation.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Diapason (ext. PED)
61
8
  Erzahler
61
8
  Bourdon
61
4
  Octave
61
8
  First Diapason
61
4
  Flute
61
8
  Second Diapason
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Third Diapason
61
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Philomela
PED
16
  Ophicleide *
61
8
  Clarabella
61
8
  Tromba *
61
8
  Waldflöte
61
4
  Clarion *
61
8
  Viol d'Amour
61
   
* enclosed in Choir

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
73
4
  Violin
73
16
  Dulciana
73
4
  Flute
73
8
  First Diapason
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  Second Diapason
73
    Dolce Cornet III ranks
183
8
  Claribel Flute
73
    Mixture III
183
8
  Gedackt
73
16
  Contra Posaune
73
8
  Salicional
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Voix Celestes
73
8
  French Trumpet
73
8
  Spitzfloete
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Aeoline
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Unda Maris (TC)
61
4
  Clarion
73
4
  Octave
73
    Tremolo  

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Gamba
73
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Diapason
73
16
  Contra Fagotto
73
8
  Concert Flute
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Gemshorn
73
8
  English Horn
73
8
  Dulcet II ranks
146
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Flauto Dolce
73
    Tremolo  
8
  Flute Celeste (TC)
61
   
Celesta
61 bars
4
  Flute
73
       
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed with Choir
8
  Philomela
PED
8
  Flügel Horn
73
8
  Harmonic Flute
73
8
  Corno di Bassetto
73
8
  Gamba
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
CH
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
8
  English Horn
CH
4
  Hohlpfeife
73
8
  Clarinet
CH
16
  Contra Fagotto
CH
8
  Vox Humana
CH
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
73
    Tremolo  
8
  French Horn
73
       

     

     
Pedal Organ – 32 notes ("Augmented")
32
  Diapason
56
8
  Octave (fr. 32' Diap)
32
  Violone
44
8
  Gedeckt (fr. 16' Bdn)
16
  First Diapason (fr. 32' Diap)
8
  Cello
SO
16
  Second Diapason
GT
8
  Still Gedackt
SW
16
  Violone (fr. 32')
32
  Bombarde
68
16
  Bourdon
44
16
  Ophicleide (fr. 32' Bomb)
16
  Gamba
CH
16
  Contra Posaune
SW
16
  Echo Bourdon
SW
8
  Tromba (fr. 32' Bomb)
16
  Dulciana
SW
4
  Clarion (fr. 32' Bomb)
               
Couplers
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Great 8'
    Great to Pedal 8'   Swell Super #, Sub #
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Choir Super +, Sub +
    Solo to Pedal 8'    
    Swell to Great 8'  
# transferred to Great with Swell to Great
    Choir to Great 8'  
+ transferred to Great with Solo to Great
         
Adjustable Combinations
   
Full Organ Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb)  
Solo Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (thumb) Ped. to Man. Combs. On/Off
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (thumb) Ped. to Man. Combs. On/Off
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (thumb) Ped. to Man. Combs. On/Off
Choir Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (thumb) Ped. to Man. Combs. On/Off
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7 (thumb)  
               
Mechanicals
    Balanced Swell Pedal   Reversible Great to Pedal
    Balanced Choir & Solo Pedal   Sforzando
    Balanced Crescendo Pedal   All Swells
           
  J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 316 (1893) formerly in Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (1896 Odell brochure)
J.H. & C.S. Odell & Co.
New York City – Opus 316 (1893)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 44 stops, 51 ranks


J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 316 (1893) formerly in Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church Archives)  










In 1893, a new organ was built by the J.H. & C.S. Odell Company of New York City, replacing the earlier Jardine instrument. This organ, like its predecessors, employed water power. A steam engine pumped water to a tank located above the old E. Howard & Co. clock in the steeple on the tower level. As the water flowed down by gravity to a basement cistern, the feeders of the bellows were operated.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
58
8
  First Open Diapason
58
2 2/3
  Octave Quint
58
8
  Second Open Diapason
58
2
  Super Octave
58
8
  Viola di Gamba
58
    Mixture, 4 ranks
222
8
  Dulciana
58
8
  Trumpet
58
8
  Doppel Flöte
58
4
  Clarion
58
4
  Octave
58
       

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Hohl Flöte
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Salicional
58
    Cornet, 3 ranks
183
8
  Vox Celestis (TC)
42
    Mixture, 3 ranks
183
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
16
  Contra Fagotto
58
8
  Dulciana
58
8
  Cornopean
58
4
  Octave
58
8
  Oboe
58

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Violina
58
8
  Keraulophone [sic]
58
4
  Rohr Flöte
58
8
  Dulce d'Amour
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Concert Flute
58
8
  Clarinet
58

     

     
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
5 1/3
  Twelfth
30
16
  Dulciana
30
16
  Trombone
30
16
  Bourdon
30
       
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great   Swell to Pedal
    Choir to Great   Choir to Pedal
    Swell to Choir   Reversible, Swell to Great
    Great to Pedal    
               
Mechanical Accessories
    Swell Tremulant   Wind Indicator
    Bellows Signal   Balance Swell Pedal
               
Pedal Movements
    Pedal Organ Forte   Pedal Organ Piano
    Pedal Organ Mezzo   Great to Pedal, Reversing Pedal
               
Piston Movements
("Odell Patent Automatic Adjustable Pneumatic Compositions, worked by piston knobs between manuals.")
    Compositions on Great Organ
    Full Organ
    Full to Mixture
    Full to Super Octave
    Full to Octave
    Open Diapason
    2nd Open Diapason, Doppel Flöte and Dulciana
    Doppel Flöte and Gamba
    Flute Harmonique
     
    Compositions on Swell Organ
    Full Organ
    Full to Oboe, except Mixture [pencilled: "Cornet on"]
    Full to Flageolet
    Full to Octave
    Open, Dulciana, Salicional and Stopped Diapason
    Dulciana, Salicional and Stopped Diapason
    Vox Humana, Stopped Diapason [pencilled: "& Tremulant"]
     
    Compositions on Choir Organ
    Full Organ, except Clarinet
    Full to Violina
    Open Diapason, Keraulophon, Dulce d'Amour, Concert Flute and Stopped Diapason
    Keraulophon, Dulce d'Amour and Concert Flute
    Keraulophon and Dulce d'Amour
    Stopped Diapason and Dulce d'Amour
    Dulce d'Amour
    Rohr Flöte
 
  Case of Jardine & Son Organ (1875) formerly in Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City (from Jardine & Son catalog)
George Jardine & Son
New York City (1875)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 43 stops, 49 ranks




During 1873 to 1875, the church moved to its present location on Fifth Avenue and 55th Street. The Jardine Company was contracted to move the 1855 organ from the old church and rebuild it. At this time, Jardine added the large wooden 32' Diapason stop to the Pedal, which is still in use today.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute Harmonic
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
3
  Twelfth
58
8
  Bell Open Diapason
58
2
  Fifteenth
58
8
  German Gamba
58
    Sexquialtra [sic], 3 ranks
174
8
  Melodia Diapason
58
    Mixture, 2 ranks
116
4
  Principal
58
8
  Trumpet
58
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
    Cornet, 3 ranks
174
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
    Cymbal, 2 ranks
116
8
  Dulcissima
58
16
  Passaune [sic]
58
8
  Clariana
58
16
  Orpheclyde [sic]
58
8
  Vox Celestis
58
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
4
  Gems Horn
58
    Tremolo [French]  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedackt
58
4
  Violina
58
8
  Viola di Gamba
58
3
  Quintadena
58
8
  Dulciana
58
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Triaulophon
58
8
  Cremona and Bassoon
58
4
  Boehm Flute
58
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
4
  Flute
30
16
  Violon
30
16
  Trombone
30
16
  Bourdon
30
       
               
Coupling Stops Controlled by Knobs
    Great Manuals at Octaves       Great Manuals to Pedal  
    Swell to Great Manuals       Swell Manuals to Pedal  
    Choir to Swell Manuals       Choir Manuals to Pedal  
               
Mechanical and Combination Pedals
1.
  Piano to Great and Pedal Organs
7.
  Sforzando to Swell Organ
2.
  Mezzo to Great and Pedal Organs
8.
  Single Solo Swell
3.
  Forte to Great and Pedal Organs
9.
  Double Full Swell
4.
  Piano to Swell and Pedal Organs
10.
  Engine
5.
  Mezzo to Swell and Pedal Organs
11.
  Bellows
6.
  Forte to Swell and Pedal Organs        
 
George Jardine & Son
New York City (1855)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 33 stops, 36 ranks



Fifth Avenue Presbyterian commissioned Geo. Jardine & Son to build its first organ, to be installed in their former church building located on Fifth Avenue and 19th Street. Jardine's organ was built in 1855 and contained 40 stops played from three manuals and pedal. At that time, many Presbyterian churches were divided over several issues, including whether or not to have an organ in worship services. Fifth Avenue Presbyterian, one of the "New School" churches, was influenced by its progressive leadership which included Lowell Mason, the music director who wrote many famous hymn tunes, Lowell's son, William Mason, who served as the church's first regular organist, and the pastor, The Rev. James Waddel Alexander, who had translated the "Passion Chorale" into English (as "O sacred head, now wounded"). Lowell Mason wanted to lessen dependence on the choir (quartet) so that congregations might learn to sing well. The Jardine organ was an important first step toward that goal.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 56 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
56
4
  Principal
56
8
  Grand Open Diapason
56
3
  Twelfth
56
8
  Open Diapason
56
2
  Fifteenth
56
8
  Stopped Diapason
56
  Sexqualto [sic], 2 ranks
112
6
  Quint
56
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 56 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
56
2
  Fifteenth
56
8
  Open Diapason
56
  Cornet, 3 ranks
168
8
  Stopped Diapason
56
8
  Cornopean
56
8
  Viol di Gamba
56
8
  Hautbois
56
8
  Vox Celestis
56
    Tremolo  
4
  Principal
56
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 56 notes
8
  Open Diapason
56
4
  Principal
56
8
  Dulciana
56
3
  Twelfth
56
8
  Clariana
56
2
  Fifteenth
56
8
  Stopped Diapason
56
8
  Cremona
56
4
  Hohl flute
56
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
30
8
  Octave
30
16
  Double Stopped Diapason
30
16
  Contra Fagotto
30
8
  Violoncello
30
       
 
Sources:
     Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church Archives. Courtesy Dale W. Hansen, Church Archivist
     Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church website: http://fapc.org/music/music.html
     Dolkart, Andrew S. and Matthew A. Postal. Guide to New York City Landmarks (Third Edition). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Henderson, Kathy. A Proud Heritage: A Pictorial History of Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church. New York: Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, 2008.
     Holden, Dorothy. The Life and Work of Ernest M. Skinner. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1987.
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List. New Rev. Ed. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.
     Kraege, Elfrieda A. "The History of Music at Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church 1808-1972". Courtesy Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church.
     Ochse, Orpha. Austin Organs. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 2001.
     J.H. & C.S. Odell & Company brochure, "Metropolitan Churches," 1896. Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Ogasapian, John. Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.
     "Stop, Open and Reed – a Periodical Presentation of Pipe Organ Progress". Boston: Skinner Organ Company, 1922-1927.
     Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specifications of Ernest M. Skinner Company organ, Op. 206 (1913).
     Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specifications of J.C. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 316 (1893).

Illustrations:
     The American Organist, March 1961. Console of Austin Organ, Op. 2347 (1961).
     Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church Archives. Console and case of Ernest M. Skinner Organ, Op. 206 (1913); case of J.H. & C.S. Odell Organ, Op. 316 (1893).
     George Jardine & Son catalog. Case of Geo. Jardine & Son Organ (1875). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Lawson, Steven E. Exterior and interior; Wicks Organ Company console (1996).
     J.H. & C.S. Odell & Company brochure, "Metropolitan Churches," 1896. Case of J.H. & C.S.Odell Organ, Op. 316 (1893).
     "The Skinner Organ," booklet published by Ernest M. Skinner Company. Case of Ernest M. Skinner Organ, Op. 206 (1913). Courtesy John Rust.
     Stein, Ken. Console of Austin Organ, Op. 2347 (1961).