Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City
 
Click on images to enlarge
Church of the Incarnation
(Episcopal)

209 Madison Avenue at 35th Street
New York, N.Y. 10016
http://churchoftheincarnation.org

Organ Specifications:
209 Madison Avenue at 35th Street (since 1865)
III/53 Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co., rev. Schantz (1981)
III/49 Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co., Op. 1289-A (1957)
III/40 Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co., Op. 1289 (1954)
IV/ Ernest M. Skinner Company, Op. 133 (1905) – Console
III/52 Farrand & Votey, Op. 831 (1897); reb. Roosevelt
III/33 Farrand & Votey, Op. 811 (1896) – Chancel
III/43 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 115 (1883) – Gallery
• Henry Erben (1868) – Chancel
80 Madison Avenue at 28th Street (1850-1865)
• II/15 Henry Erben (1853)


P.E. Church of the Incarnation at Madison Avenue & 28th Street - New York City  
First building (1850-1865)  
   
Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)  
Interior in 2009  
The Episcopal Church of the Incarnation began in 1850 as the first (of four) mission chapel of Grace Church. An attractive Gothic edifice was erected on the northwest corner of Madison Avenue and 28th Street. The mission quickly flourished and after two years was reorganized as the Church of the Incarnation.

Following the movement of residents to the north, the congregation decided to relocate further uptown to its present site on on the northwest corner of Madison Avenue and 35th Street. The old building was sold to the Church of the Atonement. The vestry commissioned architect Emlen T. Littel to design a new church building. Constructed from 1864-65, Littel's Gothic edifice is built of brownstone with sandstone trimmings. At the corner is a square tower surmounted by a steeple. The interior was enriched with stained-glass windows by Edward Burne-Jones, John La Farge, the William Morris Company, and the Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company.

A devastating fire caused great damage to the church in 1882, but it was soon rebuilt and enlarged to designs by D. & J. Jardine. In 1991, the church was renovated under the supervision of Jan Hird Pokorny.
               
  Organ Façades at Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company, Inc.
Boston, Mass. – Opus 1289-A (1957)
Enlarged and revised by Schantz Organ Company
Orrville, Ohio (1981)
Updated & rebuilt by Petty-Madden Organ Company
Hopewell, N.J. (2000 and 2009)
Solid State key and stop action
3 manuals, 59 stops, 53 ranks



Console of Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1289-A at Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)  
In 1981, the Schantz Organ Company of Orrville, Ohio, made substantial tonal revisions to the Aeolian-Skinner organ, adding a floating Positiv division and several new ranks of pipes.

Additional work was done in 2000 when the console and relays were rebuilt and updated by the Petty-Madden Organ Company of Hopewell, N.J. In 2009, Petty-Madden restored all of the reeds, and replaced the Swell half-length 16' Basson with a new 8' Basson-Hautbois and the Choir Clarinet with a new Cromorne.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Quintaton
61
2
  Doublette
POS
8
  Montre
61
    Fourniture III ranks
183
8
  Flûte harmonique
61
    Cymbale III ranks
POS
8
  Bourdon
61
16
  Bombarde [unit]
85
4
  Prestant
61
8
  Trompette [ext.]
4
  Flûte à cheminée
61
4
  Clairon [ext.]
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon [unit]
80
    Cymbale IV ranks
244
8
  Diapason
68
8
  Trompette
68
8
  Gambe
68
8
  Basson-Hautbois *
68
8
  Voix céleste
68
8
  Voix humaine
68
8
  Bourdon [ext.]
4
  Clairon
68
4
  Prestant
68
    Tremolo  
4
  Flûte octaviante
68
    Swell to Swell 16'  
2
  Octavin
61
    Swell Unison Off  
    Cornet II ranks
122
    Swell to Swell 4'  
    Fourniture III ranks
183
   
* replaced 16' Basson
 
     
 
     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Dulciana [unit]
80
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Bourdon
68
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Dulciana [ext.]
8
  Cromorne [rep. Clarinet]
68
8
  Voix céleste [GG]
61
    Tremolo  
4
  Principal
68
    Choir to Choir 16'  
4
  Flûte traversière
68
    Choir Unison Off  
2 2/3
  Nazard
68
    Choir to Choir 4'  
2
  Quarte de Nazard
68
       
               
Positiv Organ (Floating) – 61 notes – added 1981
8
  Principal [unit]
85
2
  Doublette [ext.]
8
  Flute
61
1 1/3
  Quinte
61
4
  Prestant [ext.]
    Fourniture III ranks
183
4
  Bourdon
61
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Soubasse [unit]
68
8
  Violoncellle
32
16
  Contre Basse [unit]
44
4
  Flûte [ext.]
16
  Soubasse
32
  Grand Cornet
derived
16
  Bourdon
SW
16
  Bombarde
32
16
  Quintaton
GT
16
  Trompette
GT
8
  Flûte [ext.]
8
  Trompette
GT
8
  Bourdon
SW
4
  Clairon
GT
               
Couplers

    Great to Pedal 8'   Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Positiv to Great 8'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Positiv to Pedal 8'   Positiv to Choir 8'
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Great-Choir Transfer
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Choir Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Positiv Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe)
Full Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb & toe)
               
Reversibles
    Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Positiv to Pedal (thumb & toe)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Full Organ (thumb & toe)
    Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)    
               
Balanced Expression Pedals
    Balanced Swell Pedal      
    Balanced Choir Pedal      
    Crescendo Pedal (4 levels)      
               
Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company, Inc.
Boston, Mass. – Opus 1289 (1954) and 1289-A (1957)
Electro-pneumatic key and stop action
3 manuals, 40 stops, 40 ranks (Op. 1289)
3 manuals, 44 stops, 49 ranks (Op. 1289-A)


In 1954, the Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company installed their Opus 1289 in the chancel, retaining several ranks from the 1902 Hutchings-Votey organ. Three years after the organ's installation, Aeolian-Skinner returned to make tonal changes and added 9 new ranks, including the lower 12 notes of the 32' Bourdon.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Montre
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Diapason
61
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Spitzprincipal
61
    Mixture IV ranks *
183
8
  Flute Harmonique
61
    Tremulant  
4
  Principal
61
    Chimes  
2 2/3
  Quint
61
     
 
     
 
     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt [unit]
80
    Sesquialtera II ranks [GG] *
108
8
  Diapason
68
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Gedeckt [ext.]
    Mixture IV ranks *
244
8
  Viole de Gambe
68
16
  Fagot
68
8
  Viole Celeste
68
8
  Trompette
68
4
  Octave
68
8
  Vox Humana
68
4
  Flute
68
4
  Clairon
68
2
  Flageolet
68
    Tremulant  
 
     
 
     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Dulciana [unit]
80
2 2/3
  Flute d'Amour
68
8
  Nason Flute
68
2
  Blockflote
68
8
  Dulciana [ext.]
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Erzahler
68
    Mixture III ranks *
183
8
  Erzahler Celeste [TC]
56
8
  Clarinet
68
4
  Fugara
68
    Tremulant  
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Bourdon [ext.] *
12
8
  Octave [ext.]
12
16
  Montre
GT
8
  Flute [ext.]
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
4
  Choralbass [ext.]
12
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
16
  Posaune
32
16
  Dulciana
CH
    Chimes
GT
               
           
* added in 1957 as Op. 1289-A
               
  1912 Interior of Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City
  Interior (1912) showing Skinner Console on right (south) side of Chancel
Ernest M. Skinner Company
Boston, Mass. – Opus 133 (1905)
Console only
4 manuals, 76 stops




In 1905, the Ernest M. Skinner Company was commissioned to build a new four-manual console to control both the gallery and chancel organs. Installed only nine years after Farrand & Votey's 1896 chancel console, the Skinner console was placed on the north side of the chancel — opposite from the previous console — and was movable with 50 feet of cable. At an unknown time, the console was moved to the north side, as seen in the 1912 photo at right. From the Skinner Company's "Specifications For Proposed New Console" we read: "arrangement and disposition of the various means of control to be determined by Mr. Warren R. Hedden, Mus. Bac., in consultation with the builders." Mr. Hedden was organist of the church. This console had several features undoubtedly influenced by Robert Hope-Jones, who was vice president for sales of the Skinner Company from 1905-06, including:
  • Radiating Stop Keys to be used in place of draw stops. [Radiating was marked out.]
  • Suitable bass studs over each manual. [pencil note: "To be exchanged for separation of entire gallery, separation of entire chancel, coupler for all swells.]
  • The stop keys in different colors, according to classification.
  • Chancel letters black; Gallery in red.
Below are the specifications as recorded by Lynnwood Farnam (1885-1930), noted concert organist of the early 20th century. Farnam's notes, dated September 29, 1909, included these comments:

"This organ is sort of a freak. The number of mechanical accessories are more a hindrance rather than a help. Bad robbing of some parts of the gallery organ; chancel organ nice, and so are many of the soft stops in gallery organ, though lots of duplication of tone quality. Very dead church for sound, otherwise beautiful church, this. The Chancel Great (excepting 16' and 8' Open Diapasons) are enclosed in Chancel Swell box. I do not like having the Great 4' Octave in the Swell, and would rather not have the 12th, 15th and mixture in the Swell. Wretched idea, having every combination movement give a separate pedal organ combination. Organ controlled by two rows of stop keys over Solo manual – top row gallery organ, bottom row couplers and chancel organ."

               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
    Gallery:       Chancel:  
16
  Double Open Diapason  
16
  Double Open Diapason  
8
  1st Diapason  
8
  1st Diapason  
8
  2nd Diapason  
8
  2nd Diapason *  
8
  Doppel Flute  
8
  Doppel Flute *  
8
  Gross Flute  
8
  Gamba *  
8
  Gamba  
8
  Dolce *  
4
  Octave  
4
  Octave *  
4
  Gambette  
4
  Flute d'Amour *  
4
  Flute  
2 2/3
  Twelfth *  
2 2/3
  Twelfth  
2
  Fifteenth *  
2
  Fifteenth       Mixture III ranks *  
  Mixture IV ranks  
8
  Trumpet *  
8
  Trumpet      
* enclosed with Chancel Swell
           
 
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
    Gallery:       Chancel:  
16
  Bourdon  
16
  Bourdon  
8
  Open Diapason  
8
  Diapason  
8
  Stopped Diapason  
8
  Gedackt  
8
  Violin Diapason  
8
  Salicional  
8
  Clarabella  
8
  Voix Celeste  
8
  Salicional  
8
  Aeoline  
8
  Dulciana  
4
  Octave  
4
  Octave  
4
  Violina  
4
  Hohl Flute  
4
  Flute  
4
  Salicet  
2
  Flageolet  
2
  Flageolet       Cornet III ranks  
    Cornet V ranks  
8
  Cornopean  
16
  Contra Fagotto  
8
  Oboe  
8
  Cornopean       Tremulant  
8
  Oboe          
8
  Vox Humana          
    Tremulant          
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
    Gallery:          
8
  Geigen Principal          
8
  Rohr Flöte          
8
  Concert Flute          
8
  Quintadena          
8
  Dulciana          
8
  Voix Celestes          
4
  Fugara          
4
  Flute          
2
  Piccolo Harmonique          
8
  Clarinet          
    Tremulant          
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes [prepared for]
    Gallery:          
    4 blank stops          
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
    Gallery:       Chancel:  
16
  Open Diapason (wood)  
16
  Diapason (wood)  
16
  Bourdon  
16
  Bourdon  
16
  Dulciana  
16
  Gedackt  
16
  Lieblich Gedackt  
8
  Violoncello  
10 2/3
  Quinte          
8
  Violoncello          
8
  Flute (open)          
16
  Trombone          
               
Couplers ("Couplers are given in the order as they appear on the organ left to right")
    Great to Pedal   Solo to Great
    Swell to Pedal   Solo to Great 16'
    Swell to Pedal 4'   Solo to Great 4'
    Choir to Pedal   Swell to Swell 16'
    Pedal to Pedal 4'   Swell to Swell 4'
    Solo to Pedal   Solo to Swell
    Solo to Pedal 4'   Swell to Choir
    Swell to Great   Solo to Choir
    Swell to Great 16'   Great to Solo
    Swell to Great 4'   Swell to Solo
    Choir to Great   Solo to Solo 16'
    Choir to Great 16'   Solo to Solo 4'
    Great to Great 4'    
               
Couplers (tilting tablets in left side of console)
    All couplers on or off   Chancel Swell Tremulant
    Gallery Swell Tremulant   Choir Tremulant
               
Accessories ("these all move stop keys by direct action")
    3 pistons to Choir & Pedal
    5 pistons to Great & Pedal
    5 pistons to Swell & Pedal
    3 pistons to Solo & Pedal
    1 ad. lib. piston to Great & 1 piston to set former
    1 ad. lib. piston to Swell & 1 piston to set former
    1 ad. lib. piston to Choir & 1 piston to set former
               
Pedal Movements
    3 comp. pedals to [Gallery] Great & Pedal *   Balanced Chancel Gt & Sw Pedal
    2 comp. pedals to [Chancel] Great & Pedal *   Balanced Chancel Crescendo Pedal
    Balanced Solo Pedal   Balanced Gallery Crescendo Pedal
    Balanced Choir Pedal   Great to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Gallery Swell Pedal  
* moving stops by direct action
           
Indicators
    2 indicators showing whether Gallery & Chancel organs are on or off
               
  Farrand & Votey organ, Op. 811 (1896) in P.E. Church of the Incarnation - New York City
  Chancel Organ Façade
  Farrand & Votey organ, Op. 831 (1897) in P.E. Church of the Incarnation - New York City
  Gallery Organ Case & Console
Farrand & Votey
Detroit, Mich.
Electro-pneumatic action
Opus 811 (1896) – Chancel
     3-manual console, 29 stops, 33 ranks
Opus 831 (1897) – Gallery
     3-manual console, 41 stops, 52 ranks
Total: 70 stops, 85 ranks


Toward the end of the nineteenth century, many churches in New York City moved their choirs to the chancel, and the Church of the Incarnation was no exception. The church commissioned Farrand & Votey of Detroit to build a new Chancel organ for a consideration of $6,500. This contract (Feb. 21, 1896) was for Farrand & Votey's Opus 811.

The next year, Farrand & Votey was commissioned to rebuild and revoice the Roosevelt organ in the gallery at a cost of $3,500. At this time, the Roosevelt organ was electrically connected to the Chancel organ. This job was Farrand & Votey's Opus 831.

The Musical Times (Mar. 1, 1898) reported that the action employed was the Votey Patent Electric Type, and "35 stops on the manuals are of 8-feet pitch; 13 of 4-feet range, as against 6 of 16 feet, a matter deserving attention in itself; 6 'registers' of 2 feet, one twelfth, and 5 mixture stops, of course including the twelfth and octave twelfth as ranks, and a kind of revival of an ancient institution in the presence of cornet and echo cornet stops of 5 ranks of pipes. The pedal organ, by a fitting rule of proportion, had 8 stops of 16-feet pitch out of a total of 12 'registers.'"

The organ was inaugurated by Alexandre Guilmant of Paris, who played Bach's Prelude and Fugue in E flat plus "specimens from the leading composers of the modern French school."

Following are specifications of the Farrand & Votey Chancel organ (1896, Op. 811) and the rebuilt Roosevelt Gallery organ (1897, Op. 831) as published in a company brochure. The photos above are from the same brochure.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, partially enclosed
    Gallery Division:       Chancel Division:  
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
16
  Double Open Diapason
61
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  First Open Diapason
61
8
 
Gemshorn *
preparation
8
  Second Open Diapason
61
8
  Viol di Gamba *
58
8
  Dulciana +
61
8
 
Principal Flöte *
preparation
8
  Viol di Gamba +
61
8
  Doppel Flöte *
58
8
  Doppel Flöte +
61
4
  Octave *
58
4
  Octave +
61
4
 
Gambette *
preparation
4
  Hohl Flöte +
61
4
  Flute Harmonique *
58
2 2/3
  Octave Quint +
61
2 2/3
  Octave Quint *
58
2
  Super Octave +
61
2
  Super Octave *
58
  Mixture, 3 ranks +
183
  Mixture, 4 ranks *
232
8
  Trumpet +
61
8
  Trumpet *
58
     
   
* enclosed in the Choir Swell-box
   
+ enclosed in the Swell-box
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
    Gallery Division:       Chancel Division:  
16
  Bourdon
58
16
  Bourdon
61
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Open Diapason
61
8
 
Spitz Flöte
preparation
8
  Salicional
61
8
  Salicional
58
8
  Aeoline
61
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Vox Celestis [TC]
49
8
 
Clarabella
preparation
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
4
  Octave
61
4
  Octave
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
61
4
 
Salicet
preparation
4
  Violina
61
4
  Hohl Flöte
58
2
  Flageolet
61
2
  Flageolet
58
  Cornet, 3 ranks
183
  Cornet, 3, 4, & 5 ranks
254
8
  Cornopean
61
16
  Contra Fagotta
58
8
  Oboe
61
8
  Cornopean
58
   
8
  Oboe
58
   
8
  Vox Humana
58
   
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed in a separate Swell-box
    Gallery Division:          
16
  Contra Gamba
58
       
8
  Geigen Principal
58
       
8
  Dulciana
58
       
8
  Vox Celestis [TC]
46
       
8
  Concert Flute
58
       
8
  Rohr Flöte
58
       
8
  Quintadena
58
       
4
  Fugara
58
       
4
  Flute d'Amour
58
       
2
  Piccolo Harmonique
58
       
  Echo Dolce Cornet, 5 ranks
290
       
8
  Clarinet
58
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
    Gallery Division:       Chancel Division:  
32
 
Double Open Diapason
preparation
16
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Bourdon
30
16
  Dulciana
30
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
30
16
  Bourdon
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
30
   
10 2/3
  Quint
30
   
8
  Violoncello
30
   
16
 
Trombone
preparation
   
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great   Choir to Great Sub-Octaves
    Swell to Great Octaves   Great Octaves on itself
    Swell to Great Sub-Octaves   Swell to Pedal Octaves
    Swell Octaves on itself   Swell to Pedal
    Swell to Choir   Great to Pedal
    Choir to Great   Choir to Pedal
         
Accessories
    Chancel Swell Tremulant   Chancel Wind Indicator
    Gallery Swell Tremulant   Gallery Wind Indicator
    Gallery Choir Tremulant   Gallery Combination Release
         
Ventil Stops
    Entire Chancel Stop Action   Chancel Great Separation
    Entire Gallery Stop Action   Gallery Great Separation
    Chancel Swell Separation   Chancel Pedal Separation
    Gallery Swell Separation   Gallery Pedal Separation
         
Roosevelt Automatic Adjustable Combination Pistons ("Throwing Out The Knobs.")
   
Five over Great Affecting Great Stops and Great Couplers
Five over Swell Affecting Swell Stops and Swell Couplers
Three over Choir Affecting Choir Stops and Choir Couplers
         
Pedal Movements
   
Three Adj. Combination Pedals Affecting Chancel Great Organ Stops and Couplers
Three Adj. Combination Pedals Affecting Chancel Swell Organ Stops and Couplers
    Chancel Full Organ and Crescendo Pedal
    Great to Pedal Reversing Pedal
   
Gallery Pedal Organ Pedal 1 Affecting Bourdon and Lieblich Gedeckt
Gallery Pedal Organ Pedal 2 Affecting Op. Diap., Dulc., Bdn. & Lieb. Ged.
Gallery Pedal Organ Pedal 3 Affecting Op. Diap., Dulc., Bdn., Lieb. Ged., Qnt., Vlnc.
    Gallery Full Organ and Crescendo Pedal
    Chancel Great and Swell Pedal
    Gallery Great and Choir Swell Pedal
    Gallery Swell Pedal
               
Organ installed in the Gallery:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt
New York City – Opus 115 (1883)
Tubular-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 36 stops, 43 ranks


As part of the rebuilding of the church following the 1882 fire, the church commissioned Hilborne L. Roosevelt to build a new organ. The organ was installed in 1883, behind a gallery case that measured 29 feet wide by 29 feet high and 18 feet deep. Roosevelt planned for a total of 50 stops (61 ranks), but only 36 stops (43 ranks) were installed at this time.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
 
Gambette *
preparation
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute Harmonique *
58
8
 
Gemshorn *
preparation
2 2/3
  Octave Quint *
58
8
  Viola di Gamba *
58
2
  Super Octave *
58
8
 
Principal Flöte *
preparation
    Mixture, 4 ranks *
232
8
  Doppel Flöte *
58
8
  Trumpet *
58
4
  Octave *
58
   
* enclosed in Choir box
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Hohl Flöte
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
 
Flauto Dolce
preparation
8
 
Spitz Flöte
preparation
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Salicional
58
    Cornet, 3, 4 & 5 ranks
254
8
  Dolce
58
16
  Contra Fagotto
58
8
 
Clarabella
preparation
8
  Cornopean
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Oboe
58
4
  Octave
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
4
 
Salicet
preparation
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
 
Contra Gamba
preparation
8
 
Quintadena
preparation
8
  Geigen Principal
58
4
  Fugara
58
8
  Dulciana
58
4
  Flute d'Amour
58
8
  Vox Celestis [TC]
46
2
  Piccolo Harmonique
58
8
  Concert Flute
58
   
Dolce Cornet, 5 ranks
preparation
8
 
Rohr Flöte
preparation
8
  Clarinet
58
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
32
 
Double Op. Diapason
preparation
10 2/3
  Quint
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Dulciana
30
8
 
Flute
preparation
16
  Bourdon
30
16
 
Trombone
preparation
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great       Swell to Pedal  
    Choir to Great       Great to Pedal  
    Swell to Choir       Choir to Pedal  
    Swell Octaves on Itself          
               
Mechanical Accessories
    Swell Tremulant     Engine Signal
    Choir Tremulant     Belt Shifter
            Eclipse Wind Indicator
               
Adjustable Combination Pistons
    Five under Great keys affecting Great & Pedal stops and S/G, C/G, G/P
    Five under Swell keys affecting Swell stops and Swell Octaves, S/P and SW Tremulant
    Three under Choir keys affecting Choir stops and S/C, C/P and CH Tremulant
               
Pedal Movements
    Three adjustable combination pedals affecting Pedal stops
    Reversible Swell Tremulant      
    Reversible Choir Tremulant     Swell Pedal for Swell Organ
    Great to Pedal Reversible     Swell Pedal for Choir Organ
               
  1874 Interior of Episcopal Church of the Incarnation - New York City
  Interior (1874) with Henry Erben organ barely visible to left of Chancel
Organ in Chancel:

Henry Erben
New York City (1868)
Mechanical action




The first organ in the present building was built in 1868 by Henry Erben of New York City. In describing the damage caused by the fire on March 24, 1882, The New York Times (Mar. 25, 1882) reported that the organ was installed in a loft at the side of the chancel and had cost $20,000. Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
               
Organ in previous church on Madison Avenue at 28th Street:

Henry Erben
New York City (1853)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 15 stops


According to the American Musical Directory of 1861, this organ had "2 banks keys, 15 stops, 15 registers, 2 octaves pedals" and was "Built by Henry Erben, in 1853." Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
               
Sources:
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives web site: http://aeolianskinner.organsociety.org/
     American Musical Directory. New York: Thomas Hutchinson, 1861.
     Church of the Incarnation web site: http://churchoftheincarnation.org/
     "A Church on Fire," The New York Times (Mar. 25, 1882).
     Farnam, Lynnwood. "Organ Notebook" (Sept. 29, 1909). Specifications of Ernest M. Skinner console, Op. 133 (1905). John de Lancie Library, The Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia; Sally Branca, archivist. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Farrand & Votey brochure with specifications of Farrand & Votey organ, Op. 811 (1896) and Op. 831 (1897). Courtesy Larry Trupiano.
     "Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Manufacturer of Church, Chapel, Concert and Chamber Organs," catalog pub. by Roosevelt Organ Works (Dec. 1888); republished by The Organ Literature Foundation, Braintree, Mass., 1978. Specifications of Roosevelt Organ, Op. 115 (1883).
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List (New Revised Edition). Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.
     "The New Church of the Incarnation," The New York Times (Dec. 25, 1882).
     "Organ Music," The Musical Times (Mar. 1, 1898).
     Perkins, Joshua Newton. History of the Parish of the Incarnation, New York City, 1852-1912. Poughkeepsie, N.Y.: Frank B. Howard Press, 1912.
     "Record of Important Events," Frank Leslie's Sunday Magazine (Mar. 1883).

Illustrations:
     Farrand & Votey brochure (c.1897). Chancel organ façade; Gallery organ case & console. Courtesy Larry Trupiano.
     History of the Parish of the Incarnation, New York City, 1852-1912. Exterior (1854) of original church; Interior (1874) showing Erben organ; Interior (1912)..
     Lawson, Steven E. Interior; Chancel; Console of Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1289-A (1957).