Church of St. Vincent Ferrer - New York City

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Church of St. Vincent Ferrer
(Roman Catholic)

869 Lexington Avenue at 66th Street
New York, N.Y. 10021
http://csvf.org/

Organ Specifications:
Present building (since 1918):
IV/68 Schantz Organ Co., Op. 2224 (2002) – Gallery
II/18 Schantz Organ Co., Op. 2145 (1998) – Chancel
III/37 James A. Konzelman (1983) – Gallery
V/87 Fratelli Balbiani (1925) – Gallery and Chancel
Original building (1867-1918):
• I/5 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 10 (1874) – Gallery
III/47 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 7 (1874)
           
Original Roman Catholic Church of St. Vincent Ferrer - New York City  
Original church (1867-1918)  
First building of St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church - New York City  
Interior of original church (1867-1918)  
The parish of St. Vincent Ferrer was founded in 1867 and today occupies its second building on the same site. Run by the Dominicans, or Order of Preachers, the first building, once described as a "Gothic barn," was built from 1867-69 as designed by Patrick C. Keely. The adjacent convent, designed by William Schickel and built in 1881, still stands on the corner of 65th Street.

The present building, completed in 1918 and modeled after European Gothic churches, was designed by Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, one of the foremost American ecclesiastical architects of the early 20th century. After the building was completed, a panel of architects charged with selecting the 50 most beautiful U.S. churches voted St. Vincent Ferrer the second most beautiful (the first-place winner, St. Thomas Church on Fifth Avenue, was also a creation of Mr. Goodhue). However, Goodhue considered St. Vincent Ferrer to be his best work. Exterior limestone carvings by Lee Lawrie and interior fixtures that were initially incomplete because of lack of funds were subsequently completed according to Goodhue's plans. The building is a federal landmark, and was also designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1967.
         

Church of St. Vincent Ferrer - NYC (Photo: Schantz Organ Company)

 

Church of St. Vincent Ferrer - NYC (Photo: Schantz Organ Company)

Schantz Organ Company
Orrville, Ohio – Opus 2224 (2002)
Opus 2145 (1998)
Electro-pneumatic action
Solid-State combination action
4 manuals, 121 stops, 86 ranks


               
The organ in St. Vincent Ferrer has evolved over the years from several origins. In 1990, James Konzelman rebuilt the gallery organ of three manuals and 30 ranks. Then, in 1998, Schantz Organ added 18 ranks (Opus 2145) in the chancel and provided a new movable four-manual console which controlled gallery and chancel divisions. In 2002, Schantz installed a new gallery organ (Opus 2224) of 68 ranks and an entirely new movable four-manual console in the chancel.
               
GALLERY ORGAN – Opus 2224 (2002)
               
Gallery Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, unenclosed
16
  Double Open Diapason
73
2/3
  Sharp Mixture III ranks
183
8
  First Open Diapason
61
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Second Open Diap. [ext.]
  Tremulant  
8
  Spire Flute
61
 
Chimes
23 tubes
4
  Octave
61
    Sub  
4
  Concert Flute
61
  Unison Off  
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
    Super  
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Ramsey Trumpet
61
1 1/3
  Chorus Mixture IV ranks
244
       
               
Gallery Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Stopped Bass
73
16
  Bombarde
61
8
  Geigen Diapason
61
16
  Basson
73
8
  Stopped Diapason [ext.]
8
  Trompette
73
8
  Salicional
61
8
  Hautbois [ext.]
8
  Voix Celeste
61
4
  Clairon [ext.]
8
  Flauto Dolce
61
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Flauto Celeste [TC]
49
  Vox Tremulant  
4
  Principal
61
  Tremulant  
4
  Traversflöte
61
    Harp
SO
2 2/3
  Nasard Harmonique
61
    Sub  
2
  Octavin
61
  Unison Off  
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
    Super  
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Ramsey Trumpet
GT
1 1/3
  Plein Jeu V ranks
305
       

     

     
Gallery Positiv Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Spitzprincipal
61
1
  Sifflöte
61
8
  Gedeckt
61
1
  Cymbal IV ranks
244
8
  Quintade
61
8
  Krummhorn
61
8
  Flauto Dolce
SW
  Tremulant  
8
  Flauto Celeste
SW
    Chimes
GT
4
  Octave
61
  Harp
SO
4
  Koppelflöte
61

  Sub  
2 2/3
  Nasard
61
    Unison Off  
2
  Blockflöte
61
    Super  
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Ramsey Trumpet
GT
               
Gallery Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Dulciana [unit]
73
16
  Tuba Magna [unit]
85
8
  Violoncello
61
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
8
  Violoncello Celeste
61
4
  Tuba Clarion
8
  Dulciana
  Chimes
GT
8
  Unda Maris [TC]
49
 
Harp
49 bars
8
  Harmonic Flute
61
  Sub  
8
  English Horn
61
    Unison Off  
8
 
Clarinet
preparation
    Super  
    Tremulant  
8
  Ramsey Trumpet
GT
               
Gallery Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
 
Double Open Diapason
digital
 32
  Ophicleide [unit]
44
32
 
Contra Bourdon
digital
16
  Trombone
16
  Contra Bass [unit]
44
16
  Bombarde
SW
16
  Diapason
GT
16
  Basson
SW
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
8
  Trumpet
GT
16
  Stopped Bass
SW
8
  Bombarde
SW
16
  Dulciana
SO
4
  Clarion
GT
8
  Octave
4
  Hautbois
SW
8
  Diapason
GT
8
  Ramsey Trumpet
GT
8
  Dulciana
SO
16
  Tuba Magna
SO
8
  Bourdon
8
  Tuba Magna
SO
4
  Choral Bass
32
4
  Tuba Magna
SO
4
  Open Flute
32
    Chimes
GT
2 2/3
  Mixture IV ranks
128
   
Cymbal Crash
preparation
             
CHANCEL ORGAN – Opus 2145 (1998)
               
Chancel Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes (3½" pressure)
8
  Open Diapason
61
1 1/3
 
Nineteenth
preparation
8
  Gemshorn
61
8
  Trumpet
SW
8
  Chimney Flute
61
8
  Oboe
SW
8
  Gedeckt
SW
  Tremulant  
4
  Octave
61

  Sub  
4
  Nachthorn
61

  Unison Off  
2
  Fifteenth
61
    Super  
               
Chancel Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (4" pressure)
16
  Gedeckt Bass [unit]
97
16
  Double Trumpet [unit]
85
8
  Geigen
61
8
  Trumpet
8
  Celeste
61
8
  Oboe
61
8
  Gedeckt
4
  Clarion
4
  Principal
61
  Tremulant  
4
  Spillflöte
61

  Sub  
2
  Blockflöte

  Unison Off  
2
  Plein Jeu III ranks
183
    Super  
               
Chancel Pedal Organ – 32 notes (4" pressure)
32
  Acoustic Bass [Pr. & Bour.]
derived
4
  Gedeckt
SW
32
  Resultant [Bour. & Ged.Bs.]
derived
32
  Grand Cornet V ranks
derived
16
  Open Diapason [unit]
56
16
  Double Trumpet
SW
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
8
  Trumpet
SW
16
  Gedeckt Bass
SW
8
  Oboe
SW
8
  Octave
4
  Clarion
SW
8
  Bourdon
4
  Oboe
SW
8
  Gedeckt
SW
  Pedal Divide (at D15)  
4
  Super Octave
       
               
Couplers
    Gallery Great to Pedal 8'   Pedal to Great 8'
    Chancel Great to Pedal 8'   Positiv to Swell 8'
    Gallery Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallery Swell to Solo 8'
    Chancel Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallery Great to Positiv 8'
    Positiv to Pedal 8', 4'   Chancel Great to Positiv 8'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallery Swell to Positiv 16', 8', 4'
    Gallery Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Chancel Swell to Positiv 16', 8', 4'
    Chancel Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Solo to Positiv 16', 8, 4'
    Positiv to Great 16', 8', 4'   Great / Positiv Transfer
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'    
               
Reversibles
    Gal. Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Ophicleide 32' (toe, right)
    Chancel Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Contra Bourdon 32' (toe, right)
    Gal. Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   blank (toe, right)
    Positiv to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Double Open Diap. 32' (toe, right)
    Solo to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Celestes Silent (toe, left)
    Gal. Swell to Great (thumb)   Reeds Silent (toe, left)
    Chan. Swell to Great (thumb)   16' man. Silent (toe, left)
    Positiv to Great (thumb)   All Swells to Swell (thumb)
    Solo to Great (thumb)   Full Organ I (thumb & toe)
    Gal. Swell to Positiv (thumb)   Full Organ II (thumb & toe)
    Chan. Swell to Positiv (thumb)   Pedal Divide (thumb)
    Solo to Positiv (thumb)   Chapel/Chancel Swell Shades On/Off
               
Adjustable Combinations (99 levels of memory)
   
Great (Gal. & Chan.) Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Swell (Gal. & Chan.) Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Positiv Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Pedal (Gal. & Chan.) Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb & toe)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16 (thumb & toe)
Coupler Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
               
Expression Shoes
    Balanced Chancel Swell Pedal   Balanced Solo Pedal
    Balanced Gallery Swell Pedal   Crescendo Pedal
           
James A. Konzelman
Maplewood, N.J. (1983)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 36 stops, 37 ranks
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Bourdon [TC]
49
2 2/3
  Quint
61
8
  Principal
61
2
  Doublette
61
8
  Rohrflöte
61
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
4
  Octave
61
    Mixture IV ranks
244
4
  Flute Harmonique
61
8
  Trompete
61
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Rohrgedeckt
61
2
  Octave
61
8
  Viola
61
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Viola Celeste
61
    Scharf IV ranks
244
8
  Flauto Dolce
61
16
  Contra Fagotto
61
8
  Flute Celeste
61
8
 
Trompette
4
  Principal
61
8
  Oboe [ext.]
12
4
  Waldflöte
61
4
  Clairon [ext.]
12
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
    Tremulant  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [console preparation]
8
  Gedeckt  
2
  Blockflöte  
8
  Gemshorn  
1 3/5
  Tierce  
8
  Flauto Dolce
SW
1
  Sifflöte  
8
  Flute Celeste
SW
    Cymbal IV ranks  
4
  Principal  
8
  Krummhorn  
4
  Koppelflöte       Tremulant  
2 2/3
  Nazard          
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Resultant
4
  Bourdon [ext.]
12
16
  Principal
32
    Mixture IV ranks
128
16
  Subbass
32
16
 
Posaune
16
  Gedeckt
32
16
  Fagotto
SW
8
  Octave
32
8
  Trompete
GT
8
  Bourdon
32
4
  Clairon
GT
4
  Choralbass [ext.]
12
       
           
  Chancel console of the Fratelli Balbiani Organ (1925) formerly in St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church - New York City (photo: The American Organist, May 1926)
   
  Fratelli Balbiani Organ (1925) formerly in St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church - New York City (photo: The American Organist, May 1926)
Fratelli Balbiani
Milan, Italy (1925)
Electro-pneumatic action
Divided organ with 67 stops, 87 ranks
Movable 5-manual console in chancel
2-manual console in gallery



One of the more unusual organs in New York City was the five-manual instrument installed in 1926 at St. Vincent Ferrer by the Fratelli Balbiani firm of Milan, Italy. Two consoles were provided: a five-manual movable console in the chancel and an "extra" two-manual console in the gallery choir loft. The consoles included 55 luminous signals, an Automatic Transposer, plus three pistons for "automatic pedal combination." Numerous ventils and cancels augmented the organ's five general pistons. On May 9, 1926, the organ was blessed by Bishop John J. Dunn, followed by a musical program played by Pietro Yon, honorary organist of the Vatican, and Constantino Yon, organist and choirmaster of the church.

This organ was removed in 1958, and the five-manual console is extant in Brooklyn.
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bordone
61
4
  Flauto Armonico
61
8
  Eufonio
61
    Cornetto, 3 ranks
183
8
  Flauto Concerto
61
2
  Ottavina
61
8
  Gamba Celeste
61
8
  Unda Maris
61
8
  Quintante
61
8
  Clarinetto
61
8
  Salicionale
61
    Tromolo  
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed with Choir
16
  Principale
61
2
  Ottava
61
8
  Principale
61
2 2/3
  Nasardo
61
8
  Gemshorn
61
2
  Quintadecima
61
8
  Gamba
61
    Gran Ripieno, 8 ranks
488
8
  Dulciana
61
8
  Corno d'Orchestra
61
8
  Bordone
61
8
  Tromba
61
4
  Flauto Camino
61
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Quintante
73
4
  Eolina
73
8
  Eolina
73
    Ripienino, 5 ranks
365
8
  Viola d'Amore
73
8
  Voce Celeste
73
8
  Dolce
73
8
  Musette
73
8
  Concerto Viola, 4 ranks
292
8
  Oboe
73
4
  Corno di Notte
73
    Tromolo  
               
Echo Great Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (in Chancel)
16
  Principale
73
8
  Viola Celeste
73
8
  Principale
73
4
  Principalino
73
8
  Dolce
73
    Ripieno, 7 ranks
511
8
  Flauto d'Amore
73
8
  Tuba Mirabilis [ff]
73
               
Echo Swell Organ (Manual V) – 61 notes, enclosed (in Chancel)
16
  Controgamba
73
8
  Corno Inglese
73
8
  Gamba
73
8
  Voce Umana
73
8
  Bordone
73
    Tromolo
8
  Gran Concerto Viole
73
 
Campane (Chimes)
20 tubes
4
  Flauto in Selva
73
8
  Arpa  
2
  Piccolo
73
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
32
  Contrabasso
30
16
  Bombarda
30
16
  Contrabasso
30
10 2/3
  Quinta
30
16
  Violone
30
8
  Basso
30
16
  Subbasso
30
8
  Cello
30
16
  Bordone
30
8
  Corno Dolce
30
16
  Contrabasso Violon
30
8
  Ottava
30
16
  Armonica
30
4
  Ottava
30
               
Couplers
    Man. I – Ped. Unison, Super   Man. V – Man. II 16', 8', 4'
    Man. II – Ped. Unison, Super   Man. IV – Man. III Unison
    Man. III – Ped. Unison, Super   Man. V – Man. III Unison
    Man. IV – Ped. Unison   Man. V – Man. IV Unison, Super, Sub
    Man. V – Ped. Unison   Man. III – Man. I Spec. Melodic Coup.
    Man. III – Man. I Unison, Super, Sub   Man. I – Man. I Super, Sub
    Man. IV – Man. I Unison, Super, Sub   Man. II – Man. II Super, Sub
    Man. V – Man. I Unison, Super, Sub   Man. III – Man. III Super, Sub
    Man. I – Man. II Unison, Super, Sub   Man. IV – Man. IV Super, Sub
    Man. III – Man. II Unison, Super, Sub   Man. V – Man. V Super, Sub
    Man. IV – Man. II Unison, Super, Sub    
               
Pedals en Groupe
    Pedal plus 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th manual   Balance Crescendo Pedal
    2nd Manual plus 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th manual   Balance String Crescendo Pedal
    General coupler   Balance Pedal for Choir and Great
    All Flutes on   Balance Pedal for Swell
    All Reeds on   Balance Pedal for Echo Great
    Ripieni on   Balance Pedal for Echo Swell
    Tutti on    
     
Pistons Combinations
    Five combinations for First Manual
    Five combinations for Second Manual
    Five combinations for Third Manual
    Five combinations for Fourth Manual
    Five combinations for Fifth Manual
    Five combinations for Pedal
    Five pistons affecting entire organ (all stops and couplers)
    Three pistons automatic pedal combination
    55 luminous signals
    Automatic Transposer
               
Special Cancels
    Clarino [Clarinetto]   Corno d'orchestra
    Tromba d'orchestre   Tuba Mirabilis
    Oboe   Voce umana
    Musette   Bombarda
    Corno Inglese    
               
   
Chancel console and facade of Fratelli Balbiani Organ (1925) formerly in St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church - New York City (photo: The American Organist, May 1926)
 
Gallery facade of Fratelli Balbiani Organ (1925) formerly in St. Vincent Ferrer Catholic Church - New York City (photo: The American Organist, May 1926)
         
Organ in previous church building:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt
New York City – Opus 10 (1874)
Mechanical action
1 manual, 5 stops


F.R. Webber noted in his "Organ Scrapbook" that this organ existed in the same church as the larger Roosevelt, Op. 7. Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
           
Organ in previous church building:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt
New York City – Opus 7 (1874)
Tubular-pneumatic action
Barker lever action for Great and couplers
3 manuals, 37 stops, 47 ranks


The organ in the previous church building was built in 1874 by Hilborne L. Roosevelt of New York City. This was Roosevelt's third three-manual to be built by the firm. Roosevelt used tubular action for the Swell and Pedal organs, and the pneumatic (Barker) lever was applied to the Great organ and its couplers. The organ measured 32 feet across, 18 feet deep, and nearly 40 feet high.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute
58
16
  Double Gemshorn
58
2
  Wald Flöte
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
  Mixture, 4 ranks
232
8
  Violin
58
  Cornet, 4 and 5 ranks
278?
8
  Melodia
58
8
  Trumpet
58
4
  Principal
58
4
  Clarion
58

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
  Mixture, 4 ranks
232
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Cornopean
58
8
  Keraulophon
58
8
  Oboe
58
8
  Rohr Flute
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
4
  Principal
58
  Tremulant  
4
  Flauto Traverso
58
     
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
8
  Doppel Flöte
58
4
  Viol d'Amour
58
8
  Gamba
58
4
  Rohr Flute
58
8
  Dolce
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Concert Flute
58
8
  Clarionette
58

     

     
Pedal Organ – 27 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason
27
8
  Violoncello
27
16
  Open Diapason
27
16
  Bombard
27
16
  Double Gamba
27
8
  Tuba
27
16
  Bourdon
27
       
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great   Swell to Pedal
    Swell to Great octaves   Solo to Pedal
    Solo to Great   Great to Pedal
    Swell to Solo    
         
Pedal Movements
    Tutti Pedal, to bring out all stops of Great Organ
    Swell Organ. Pedal Organ and Great to Pedal, and Swell to Great Coupler
    Pedal to throw off loud Stops.
    Piano Pedal    
    Bellows Signal    
    Balanced Swell Pedal    
           
Sources:
     Bani, Mark. Stoplist of James L. Konzelman organ (1983).
     Barnes, William Harrison. The Contemporary American Organ: Its Evolution, Design and Construction. New York: J. Fischer & Bro., 1956.
     Blanchard, Homer D. "The Organ in the United States: A Study in Design," The Bicentennial Tracker. Richmond: Organ Historical Society, Inc., 1976.
     Church of St. Vincent Ferrer web site: http://csvf.org/
     Dolkart, Andrew S. and Matthew A. Postal. Guide to New York City Landmarks (Third Edition). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     "The Festival Organ," Music Review (date unknown). Specifications of Hilborne L. Roosevelt organ, Op. 7 (1874). Courtesy Larry Trupiano.
     "Five-manual organ installed in St. Vincent Ferrer Church, NYC." The Diapason (April, 1926). Courtesy Mark Bani.
     Ochse, Orpha. The History of the Organ in the United States. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975.
     Ogasapian, John. Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.
     "St. Vincent Ferrer Church Dedicated," The New York Times (May 6, 1918).
     Shelley, Thomas J. The Bicentennial History of the Archdiocese of New York 1808-2008. Strasbourg: Éditions du Signe, 2007.
     "Topics in Church of the City Today," The New York Times (May 9, 1926).
     Trupiano, Larry. Program Booklet with Specifications of Fratelli Balbiani Organ (1925).
     Webber, F.R. "Organ scrapbook" at Organ Historical Society Archives, Princeton, N.J. Specifications of Hilborne L. Roosevelt organ, Op. 7 (1874). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.

Illustrations:
     The American Organist (May 1926). Photos of the Fratelli Balbiani organ. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Lawson, Steven E. Exterior.
     Schantz Organ Company: Photos of Schantz organs, Op. 2224 (2002) and Op. 2145 (1998).
     Trupiano, Larry. Undated photo of original church interior.