Flentrop organ (1969) at The Juilliard School - New York City (photo: Flentrop Orgelbouw)

New York World's Fair 1939–1940

Flushing Meadows (Queens), N.Y.


Organ Specifications:
The Netherlands Building
II/17 Flentrop Orgelbouw (1939)
Sun Valley Exhibit
III/12 "Style R20" Wurlitzer, Op. 2044 (1929)
Temple of Religion Exhibit
III/55 Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co., Op. 986 (1938)
           

The Netherlands Pavillion at the 1939-40 World's Fair - New York City
The Netherlands Pavilion







The Netherlands exhibit presented a comprehensive survey of the cultural importance of the three parts of the empire – the Kingdom of Europe, the Dutch East Indies and the territories of Suriname and Curacao in South America. George P. Post & Sons, Associates designed the buildings. The main Netherlands pavilion, in the Government Zone, contained no private exhibits, while the one pictured here in the Hall of Nations included exhibits and products from 30 Netherlands firms, some of which were for sale to visitors.
           

           
Flentrop Orgelbouw B.V.
Zaandam, The Netherlands (1939)
Mechanical key and stop action
2 manuals, 12 stops, 17 ranks


In 1941, after the fair ended, this organ was installed in the Kiefhoekskerk in Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Flentrop organ (1939) in The Netherlands Pavillion at the 1939-40 World's Fair - New York City (photo: Flentrop Orgelbouw)

 
Manuaal I – 56 notes
8
  Roerfluit
56
4
  Prestant
56
    Mixtuur III-IV ranks
?
8
  Trompet
56
       
Manuaal II – 56 notes
8
  Quintadeen
56
4
  Blokfluit
56
2
  Prestant
56
    Scherp II-III ranks
?
       
Pedaal – 30 notes
16
  Subbas
30
8
  Prestant
30
8
  Gedekt
30
4
  Octaaf
30
           
  Sun Valley Exhibit at 1939-40 World's Fair - New York City
Sun Valley Exhibit




Located in the Amusement Zone, the architectural pastiche (of an Alpine village) known as "Sun Valley, Idaho" was a wonderful place to cool off on a hot New York summer day. For only 25 cents, visitors enjoyed real snow and ice, mountain scenery, toboggans, wandering minstrels, more than thirty shops and several restaurants.
           

           
Wurlitzer Organ Company
North Tonawanda, N.Y. –Opus 2044 (1929)
Electro-pneumatic action
Style R20
3 manuals, 12 ranks


This organ had a factory date of May 2, 1929, and was originally installed in the Wurlitzer Store on 42nd Street in New York City. The organ was moved to the World's Fair Sun Valley Exhibit on April 12, 1939. After the fair closed, the organ was sold to Paul Filson of Englewood, N.J., replacing a Style R12, Op. 2039. In 1942, Op. 2044 was moved to the Municipal Auditorium, Long Beach, Calif.
           
Pedal –32 notes
16
  Tuba
8
  Tibia Clausa
16
  Bass
8
  Clarinet
16
  Bourdon
8
  Cello
8
  Tuba
8
  Flute
8
  Diaphonic Diapason
8
  Dulciana

   

   
Accompaniment (Manual I) –- 61 notes
16
  Contra Viol (TC)
4
  Piccolo
8
  Tuba
4
  Salicet
8
  Open DIapason
4
  Octave Celeste
8
  Tibia CLausa
4
  Flute
8
  Clarinet
4
  Vox Humana
8
  Oboe Horn
4
  Dulciana
8
  Salicional
  Chrysoglott
8
  Voix Celeste (TC)
  Solo Sub
8
  Flute
  Solo Unison
8
  Vox Humana
  Solo Octave
8
  Dulciana
   
4
  Octave     5 Adjustable Combination Pistons

   

   
Great (Manual II) –61 notes
16
  Tuba
4
  Vox Humana
16
  Bass
4
  Dulciana
16
  Tibia Clausa (TC)
4
  Octave
16
  Clarinet (TC)
4
  Piccolo
16
  Oboe Horn
4
  Salicet
16
  Contra Viol (TC)
4
  Octave Celeste
16
  Bourdon
4
  Flute
8
  Brass Trumpet
4
  Dulciana
8
  Tuba
2 2/3
  Twelfth
8
  Open Diapason
2
  Piccolo
8
  Tibia Clausa
  Cathedral Chimes
8
  Orchestral Oboe     Chrysoglott
8
  Clarinet     Solo Sub
8
  Oboe Horn     Solo Unison
8
  Salicional     Solo Octave
8
  Voix Celeste (TC)      
4
  Flute     5 Adjustable Combination Pistons

   

   
Solo (Manual III) –61 notes
16
  Tuba
8
  Vox Humana
8
  Brass Trumpet
4
  Octave
8
  Tuba
4
  Piccolo
8
  Open Diapason
4
  Salicet
8
  Tibia Clausa
4
  Flute
8
  Orchestral Oboe
4
  Twelfth
8
  Clarinet
2
  Piccolo
8
  Oboe Horn
  Chime
8
  Salicional
   
8
  Flute
  5 Adjustable Combination Pistons
           
General
    Two Balanced Expression Pedals
    One Balanced Crescendo Pedal
    Main Tremulant
    Solo Tremulant
    Vox Humana Tremulant
    Tuba Tremulant
         
STOP & CHAMBER ANALYSIS
     
Main
16
  Tuba
73 pipes
16
  Open Diapason
73 pipes
8
  Clarinet
61 pipes
8
  Salicional
73 pipes
8
  Voix Celeste (TC)
61 pipes
16
  Flute
97 pipes
8
  Dulciana
73 pipes
  Chrysoglott
49 notes
 
Solo
8
  Brass Trumpet
61 pipes
8
  Tibia Clausa
73 pipes
8
  Oboe Horn
61 pipes
8
  Orchestral Oboe
61 pipes
8
  Vox Humana
61 pipes
    Chimes
18 notes
           
  Temple of Religion - 1939 World's Fair - Queens, New York
Temple of Religion




The Temple of Religion was built to exhibit America's ideals of Freed of Religion. Above the entrance was carved, "FOR ALL WHO WORSHIP GOD AND PRIZE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM." An auditorium that seated 1,200 allowed groups, under church guidance, to present programs that expressed the values of things spiritual. No religious services were held, nor were the buildings or grounds consecrated. The firm of Poor, Stein & Regan designed the building.
               

               
  Temple of Religion at the 1939-40 World's Fair - New York City
Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company, Inc.
Boston, Mass. – Opus 986 (1938)
Electro-pneumatic key and stop action
3 manuals, 42 stops, 55 ranks, 2,937 pipes






The organ in the Temple of Religion was built by the Aeolian-Skinner company in 1938. The name of John W. Haussermann, Jr., was on the contract, along with that of the World's Fair.  After the fair closed, Mr. Haussermann moved the organ to his residence in Chappaqua, N.Y.  In 1947, the organ was moved to St. Andrew's Episcopal Church in Louisville, Ky., where it was extant as of 2012.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Quintade
61
2 2/3
  Quint
61
8
  Principal
61
2
  Super Octave
61
8
  Gedeckt
61
    Fourniture III-IV ranks
232
4
  Octave
61
    Scharf III ranks
183
4
  Gemshorn
61
       
               
Positiv Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes
8
  Quintaton
61
2
  Octave
61
8
  Salicional
61
1 3/5
  Terz
61
4
  Prestant
61
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
4
  Rohrflöte
61
1
  Sifflöte
61
2 2/3
  Nasat
61
    Zimbel III ranks
183
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Flute Harmonique
61
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Viole da Gambe
61
    Plein Jeu IV ranks
244
8
  Viole Celeste
61
16
  Cromorne
61
4
  Fugara
61
8
  Trompette
61
4
  Cor de Nuit
61
4
  Hautbois Clarion
61
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
    Tremulant  
2
  Koppelflöte
61
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  Principal
32
4
  Nachthorn
32
16
  Quintaton
32
    Mixture IV ranks
128
8
  Violoncello
32
16
  Contra Fagotto
32
8
  Rohrflöte
32
8
  Posaune
32
5 1/3
  Quint
32
4
  Schalmei
32
4
  Choralbass
32
       
           
Sources:
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives: http://aeolianskinner.organsociety.org/
     Flentrop Orgelbouw web site: http://www.flentrop.nl
     Junchen, David. Encyclopedia of the American Theatre Organ, Vol. 2. Pasadena: Showcase Publications, 1989.
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List. New Rev. Ed. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.

Illustrations:
     Flentrop Orgelbouw web site: New York World's Fair 1939 poster; organ pipes.