Manhattan — Brick Presbyterian Church

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venue_name => Brick Presbyterian Church
venue_filename => BrickPres.html
borough => manhattan
vp_title => Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City
venue_name_with_markup {html} =>
<h2 class="venue">Brick Presbyterian Church</h2>
venue_info_vp {html} =>
Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City <img src="/Organs/NYC/img/BrickChurchParkAveExt.jpg" alt="Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)" width="200" border="0" align="right" > Park Avenue at 91st Street<br> New York, N.Y. 10128 <br><a href="http://www.brickchurch.org">http://www.brickchurch.org</a><br> <span class="address">Park Avenue at 91st Street</span> (since 1940): <br><td colspan="6">The society known today as The Brick Church was established in 1767 by the Presbyterian Church, then located on Wall Street at Nassau Street, to ease overcrowding. The board successfully petitioned the City for use of a triangular plot of land near the &quot;Vineyard&quot; &ndash; an area bounded by what became Beekman Street and Park Row &ndash; and then raised subscriptions to erect a new building. Designed in the Georgian style, the edifice was constructed of red brick and had an unfinished steeple. The completed &quot;New Church&quot; opened for worship on New Year&#39;s Day 1768. The building soon became familiarly known as &quot;Brick Meeting&quot; or &quot;Brick Church,&quot; perhaps to differentiate it from the Wall Street church that was built of stone. During the Revolutionary War (1775-1783) the building was commandeered by the enemy for use as a military prison and hospital, but was restored to religious service in 1784. Brick Meeting became an independent church in 1809. <br> As City residents migrated northward, plans were made to build a new church nearer its members. The old property was sold in 1856 and became the site of <em>The New York Times</em> offices. <br> In 1858, a new Brick Church was opened on the northwest corner of Fifth Avenue and 37th Street in the Murray Hill area of Manhattan. Designed by Griffith Thomas, the red-bricked Georgian edifice featured a 250-foot spire that contained the old bell. In 1937, Brick Church merged with Park Avenue Presbyterian Church, located at Park Avenue and 85th Street (in the building now occupied by Park Avenue Christian Church). A lot was purchased on Park Avenue and 91st Street, and a new church building, designed by Lewis Ayres of York &amp; Sawyer, was dedicated in 1940. The weather vane and old bell were moved to the new spire, and the 1917 Skinner organ was moved to the new church. The Chapel of the Reformed Faith, designed by Adams &amp; Woodbridge, was constructed in 1952. <td width="200"><div align="center"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/BrickChurchBeekmanSt.jpg" alt="&quot;New Church&quot; or &quot;Brick Meeting&quot; (1768-1856) on Beekman Street - New York City (photo: Brick Presbyterian Church)" width="200" border="0" ></div> <td width="200"><div align="center"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/BrickChurchFifthAveExt.jpg" alt="Brick Presbyterian Church on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street (1858-1937) on Beekman Street - New York City (photo: Brick Presbyterian Church)" width="200" border="0" ></div> <td width="200"><div align="center" class="style17"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/ParkAvePresExt.jpg" alt="Park Avenue Presbyterian Church - New York City" width="200" border="0" ></div> (1768-1856) on Beekman Street </div> Fifth Avenue at 37th Street </div> (1937-40)<br> Park Avenue at 85th Street
venue_addresses {html} =>
<span class="address">Park Avenue at 91st Street</span> (since 1940): <br><div class="organ with_specs"><a href="#Casavant">IV/118 Casavant Fr&egrave;res, Op. 3837</a> (2005)</div> <div class="organ with_specs"><a href="#EMSkinnerSon">IV/92 Ernest M. Skinner &amp; Son Co.</a> (1940)<br></div><span class="address">1010 Park Avenue at 85th Street</span> (1937-1940):<br><div class="organ with_specs"><a href="#Roosevelt">III/47 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 300</a> (1886) </div> <span class="address">Fifth Avenue at 37th Street</span> (1858-1937):<br> <span class="address">Beekman Street</span> (1768-1856):<br>
venue_sources {html} =>
<td class="sources"><h2 class="sources">Sources</h2> Aeolian-Skinner Archives website: <a href="http://aeolianskinner.organsociety.org/">http://aeolianskinner.organsociety.org/</a><br> Archive of the City of New York. Hilborne L. Roosevelt sues Brick Church for non-payment of $900.<br> &quot;The Brick Presbyterian Church Sanctuary Organ,&quot; program booklet published by The Brick Church, 2005.<br> Brick Presbyterian Church website: <a href="http://brickchurch.org">http://brickchurch.org</a><br> &quot;Dedicatory Organ Recital by Clarence Dickinson&quot; (December 10, 1940). Program with specifications of Ernest M. Skinner &amp; Son Company organ (1940). New York: The Brick Church, 1940. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen. <br> Dunlap, David W. <em>From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan&#39;s Houses of Worship.</em> New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.<br> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Holden, Dorothy. <em>The Life and Work of Ernest M. Skinner.</em> Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1987.<BR> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn. <em>E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List (New Revised Edition).</em> Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.<BR> Knapp, Shepherd. <em>A History of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the City of New York.</em> New York: The Trustees of the Brick Presbyterian Church, 1908.<br> Lewis, James. Specifications of George S. Hutchings organ, Op. 428 (1898) from a 1904 recital program given by Archer Gibson, organist of The Brick Church.<br> Ochse, Orpha. <em>Austin Organs.</em> Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 2001.<br>Ogasapian, John. <em>Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. </em>Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.<br> Scheer, Stanley. Factory Specifications of Casavant Fr&egrave;res organ, Op. 3837 (2005). Courtesy Jeff Scofield.<br> Lewis, James. Specifications of George S. Hutchings organ, Op. 428 (1898) from a 1904 recital program given by Archer Gibson, organist of The Brick Church.<br> Trupiano, Larry. Specifications of George S. Hutchings organ, Op. 428 (1898).<br> Illustrations Knapp, Shepherd. <em>A History of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the City of New York.</em> Various.<br> Lawson, Steven E. Console of Austin organ, Op. 2400 (1963, 1986).<br> Lewis, James. Console of George S. Hutchings organ, Op. 428 (1898).<br> Toth, Keith S. Photos of Casavant Fr&egrave;res organ, Op. 3837 (2005).
venue_html_vp {html} =>
[WIP]
num_organs_vp => 17
organs_summary {html} =>
<h2 class="organs_summary">Organ Specifications:</h2> <span class="address">Park Avenue at 91st Street</span> (since 1940): <br><a href="#Casavant">IV/118 Casavant Fr&egrave;res, Op. 3837</a> (2005) <a href="#Shultz">IV/110 Austin Organs, Op. 2400; rev. Shultz</a> (1996) <a href="#Austin">IV/114 Austin Organs, Op. 2400 </a> (1963, 1986) <a href="#EMSkinnerSon">IV/92 Ernest M. Skinner &amp; Son Co.</a> (1940)<br><span class="address">1010 Park Avenue at 85th Street</span> (1937-1940):<br><a href="#Roosevelt">III/47 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 300</a> (1886) <span class="address">Fifth Avenue at 37th Street</span> (1858-1937):<br> <a href="#Skinner">IV/87 Ernest M. Skinner Co., Op. 280</a> (1917) <a href="#Hutchings">III/50 George S. Hutchings, Op. 428</a> (1898)<br> &#9658; <a href="#Ferris">II/32 Richard M. Ferris</a> (1858) Unknown builder (1872) &ndash; Lecture Room <span class="address">Beekman Street</span> (1768-1856):<br> none See also the <a href="BrickPresChap.html">Chapel Organs</a> at Brick Church.
organs_html_vp {html} =>
Park Avenue at 91st Street (since 1940):
1010 Park Avenue at 85th Street (1937-1940):
Unknown builder (1872) – Lecture Room
none

ORGAN 8/0

---------- none ----------

Grand-Orgue (Manual I) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

32 Bourdon [ext. 16; 1-12 fr. Soub] 2 Doublette 61
16 Montre 61
2 2/3
Grande Fourniture III-VII rangs 326
16 Bourdon 61
1 1/3
Fourniture II-V rangs 224
8 Montre 61 1 Cymbale III-IV rangs 232
8 Salicional 61 16 Basson (ext.) 12
8 Bourdon 61 8 Baryton 61
4 Prestant 61 Grand Orgue Grave
2 2/3
Quinte 61 Grand Orgue Muet
---

Grand-Chœur (Manual I) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 2]

16 Violonbasse (ext.) 12 16 Bombarde 61
8 Flûte harmonique 61 8 Trompette 61
8 Violon 61 4 Clairon 61
4 Flûte octaviante 61 Grand Chœur Grave
16 Grand Cornet V [fr. Cornet V] Grand Chœur Muet
8 Cornet V ranks (TC) 245
---

Positif expressif (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16 Quintaton 61
1 1/3
Larigot 61
8 Principal 61
1 1/7
Septième 61
8 Dulciane 61 1 Piccolo 61
8 Unda maris (GG) 54
1 1/3
Plein-Jeu II-V rangs 233
8 Flûte harmonique 61 16 Clarinette basse 61
8 Bourdon 61 8 Trompette 61
4 Prestant 61 8 Cromorne 61
4 Flûte douce 61 4 Clarinette soprano 61
2 2/3
Nasard 61 Tremolo (Tremblant doux)
2 Flageolet 61 Positif Grave
1 3/5
Tierce 61 Positif Muet
---

Récit expressif (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 4]

16 Bourdon 61 16 Bombarde 61
8 Diapason 61 8 Trompette harmonique 61
8 Flûte traversière 61 8 Basson-Hautbois 61
8 Viole de gambe 61 8 Voix humaine 61
8 Voix céleste 61 8 Clarinette 61
8 Cor de nuit 61 4 Clairon harmonique 61
8 Voix éolienne (TC) 49 Tremolo (à vent perdu)
4 Fugara 61 Clochettes
4 Flûte octaviante 61 Récit Grave
2 2/3
Nasard 61 Récit Muet
2 Octavin 61 Récit Octave
8 Cornet harmonique II-V rangs 245 Sostenuto
2 Plein Jeu harm. II-V rangs 228
---

Soloexpressif (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

8 Flûte majeure 61 16 Tuba magna (TC, fr. Tuba 8)
8 Flûtes célestes II rangs * 110 16 Cor de basset 61
8 Violoncelle 61 8 Tuba mirabilis 61
8 Céleste 61 8 Cor français * 61
4 Viole d'amour 61 8 Cor anglais (free reeds) + 61
4 Flûte de concert 61 Tremolo (à vent perdu)
2 2/3
Nasard harmonique 61 Solo Grave
2 Octavin 61 Solo Muet
1 3/5
Tierce harmonique 61 Solo Octave
2 Piccolo harmonique 61 Sostenuto
1/3
Clochette harmonique 61
* from E.M. Skinner organ, Op. 280 (1917)
+ made in France, late 19th century
---

Pédale – 32 notes [Organ div no. 6]

32 Soubasse (ext.) 12
5 1/3
Quinte 32
16 Flûte 32
4 4/7
Grande Septième 32
16 Contrebasse 32 4 Octave 32
16 Violonbasse G-C 4 Flûte 32
16 Soubasse 32 2 Cor de nuit 32
16 Montre G-O 32 Contre Bombarde (ext.) 12
16 Bourdon RÉC 16 Bombarde 32
10 2/3
Grande Quinte 32 16 Basson G-O
8 Flûte 32 16 Bombarde RÉC
8 Violoncelle 32 8 Trompette 32
8 Bourdon 32 8 Baryton G-O
6 2/5
Grande Tierce 32 4 Clairon 32
Couplers (Multiplex)
Grand Orgue à la Pédale Grand Orgue au Positif
Grand Chœur à la Pédale Grand Chœur au Positif
Récit à la Pédale Récit Grave au Positif
Récit Octave à la Pédale Récit au Positif
Positif à la Pédale Récit Octave au Positif
Postif Octave à la Pédale Solo au Positif
Solo à la Pédale Solo au Récit
Solo Octave à la Pédale Solo Octave au Récit
Récit Grave au Grand Orgue Grand Chœur au Solo
Récit au Grand Orgue
Récit Octave au Grand Orgue G.O. – G.C. / Positif Reverse
Positif Grave au Grand Orgue (including divisional combinations;
not affected by combination action,
crescendo or full organ)
Positif au Grand Orgue
Solo Grave au Grand Orgue
Solo au Grand Orgue Union des Expressions
Solo Octave au Grand Orgue (All Swells to Swell)
Pédale au Grand Orgue Coupure de Pédalier (Pedal divide)
Adjustable Combinations (256 levels of memory)
Grand Orgue/
Grand Chœur Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 Thumb
Positif Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 Thumb
Récit Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 Thumb
Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 Thumb
Pédale Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 Toe
Généraux Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10- Thumb (1-20) and Toe (1-12)
11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20
Rappels de division (Divisional Cancels) Thumb pistons on key cheeks
Rappel (General Cancel) Thumb
Général suivant (Sequencer Generals forward) Thumb (5) and Toe (2)
Général précédent (Sequencer Generals previous) Thumb (2) and Toe (1)
Niveau de mémoire suivant (Memory Level forward) Thumb (2)
Niveau de mémoire précédent (Memory Level previous) Thumb (2)
Adjusteur (Setter) Thumb
Verrouillage des combinaisons (Comb. Adjuster Lock) Push-button code
Sauvegarde des combinaisons (Memory Storage System)
Reversible Pistons
Grand Orgue à la Pédale Thumb and Toe
Grand Chœur à la Pédale Thumb and Toe
Récit à la Pédale Thumb and Toe
Positif à la Pédale Thumb and Toe
Solo à la Pédale Thumb and Toe
Positif au Grand Orgue Toe
Récit au Grand Orgue Toe
Solo au Grand Orgue Toe
Soubasse 32' Thumb and Toe
Contre Bombarde 32' Thumb and Toe
Appel (programmable) Thumb and Toe
Clochettes Thumb and Toe
Effet d'orage (five notes) Toe
Tutti Thumb and Toe
Balanced Pedals
Crescendo (4 modes, programmable)
Positif Expression
Récit Expression
Solo Expression
Accessories
Concave and radiating pedal clavier (A.G.O.)
Adjustable organ bench with gauge
Music rack light with on/off switch (hidden)
Pedalboard light
Crescendo indicator light (amber)
Tutti indicator light (red)
Combination action adjuster lock indicator
Expression indicator lights (four for each expression – amber)
MIDI In/Out with preassigned channels
Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 3837 (2005) - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: Keith S. Toth)
Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 3837 (2005) - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: Keith S. Toth)
Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 3837 (2005) - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: Keith S. Toth)
---

ORGAN 9/1 [Casavant]

---------- Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 3837 (2005) - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: Keith S. Toth) Casavant Frères, Limitée
St. Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada – Opus 3837 (2005)
Electric slider chests
Solid State combination action
4 manuals, 101 registers, 88 stops, 118 ranks
In 2002, the Brick Church commissioned organbuilders Casavant Frères of St-Hyacinthe, Québec, to build a new electric slide chest organ of 88 independent stops (101 speaking stops), 118 ranks and 6,288 pipes. Pipe materials and construction reflect late 19th century French practices as developed by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. Winding utilizes double-rise reservoirs along with wooden wind lines and follows the practices of the Casavant brothers in their early instruments. The movable four-manual terraced console, patterned after those built by Casavant in the early 20th century, is of red oak and mahogany and has an ornately carved shell. The façade, designed by Benoît Gendron of Casavant, consists of twin carved, painted, and gilded cases with polished tin pipes. The organ was voiced onsite by Casavant voicers Jean-Sébastien Dufour and Yves Champagne. The voicing was carefully guided by Jean-Louis Coignet, and Keith S. Tóth, Minister of Music.
The organ was dedicated with a recital by Ben van Oosten on November 7, 2005. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Violone (ext.) + 12
1 3/5
Seventeenth
preparation
8 Principal + 61 Fourniture IV ranks + 244
8 Bourdon + 61 Scharf III ranks + 183
8 Viola + 61 16 Contre Bombarde + 61
4 Octave + 61 8 Trompette + 61
4 Nachthorn + 61 8 Basson + 61
2 2/3
Octave Quint + 61 4 Clairon Harmonique + 61
2 Super Octave + 61 Chimes
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Flûte Conique 61 2 Doublette + * 61
8 Diapason Conique + 61 Sesquialtera II ranks + 122
8 Rohrflöte + 61 Plein Jeu IV ranks 244
8 Flûte Conique * 61 16 Bombarde + 61
8 Flûte Celeste (TC) * 49 8 Trompette + 61
8 Viola da Gamba + 61 8 Hautbois + 61
8 Voix Celeste (TC) + 49 8 Vox Humana 61
8 Viol d'amour + * 61 4 Clairon 61
8 Viol Celeste (TC) + * 49 Tremulant
4 Principal + 61
4 Harmonic Flute + 61 Cymbelstern
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

8 Geigen Principal + 61 2 Blockflöte + 61
8 Gedeckt + * 61
1 3/5
Tierce + 61
8 Gemshorn + * 61 8 Trompette Harmonique + 61
8 Erzähler Celeste (TC) + * 49 8 Orchestral Oboe + 61
8 Kleine Erzähler II ranks * 110 8 Krummhorn + 61
4 Montre 61 8 Tuba Mirabilis + SO
4 Waldflöte + 61 4 Tuba Clairon + SO
2 2/3
Nazard + 61 Tremulant 
---

Positive Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 4]

8 Holzgedeckt + 61 1 Sifflöte 61
4 Nason Flute + 61 Scharf IV ranks 244
2 Oktav 61 8 Rohr Schalmei + 61
1 1/3
Quint 61
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

8 Clear Flute + 61 8 English Horn + 61
8 Violoncello + 61 8 French Horn * 61
8 Cello Celeste + * 61 8 Clarinet + 61
4 Concert Flute + 61 8 Tuba Mirabilis + [20" w.p.] 61
Grand Chorus V ranks 305 4 Bombarde Clairon 61
16 Bombarde + 61 Tremulant
8 Bombarde + 61
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 6]

32 Contra Bourdon (ext.) + * 12 4 Waldflöte 32
16 Contra Bass * 32 2 Choral Bass (ext.) + 12
16 Bourdon * 32 Mixture IV ranks + 128
16 Double Open Diapason + 32 32 Contre Bombarde + * SO
16 Violone + GT 16 Bombarde + SO
10 2/3
Gross Quint + 32 16 Bombarde + GT
8 Principal 32 16 Tuba Magna + SO
8 Bourdon 32 8 Tuba Mirabilis + SO
8 Major Bass + 32 8 Bombarde + GT
8 Viola + GT 4 Clairon + GT
4 Choral Bass + 32 4 Tuba Clairon + SO
---

Antiphonal Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 7]

8 Principal 61 2 Spitz Fifteenth 61
8 Pommer Gedeckt 61
1 1/3
Quint 61
4 Prestant 61 Mixture III ranks 183
4 Flûte Ouverte 61
---

Antiphonal Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 8]

8 Salicional 61 Plein Jeu III ranks 183
8 Rohrflöte 61 8 Cor Anglais + [free reeds] 61
8 Dulciana 61 Tremulant
8 Unda Maris (TC) 49 8 Trompette en Chamade + 61
4 Octave 61 [unenclosed]
4 Spitzflöte + 61
---

Antiphonal Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 9]

16 Salicional A-SW 8 Gedeckt A-SW
16 Gedeckt A-SW 4 Super Octave A-GT
8 Prestant A-GT
* from E.M. Skinner organ, Op. 280 (1917, 1940)
+ new/revoiced stop by Bruce Shultz (1995-96)
---

ORGAN 10/2 -- Austin Organs Inc. [Shultz]

----------

Austin Organs Inc.

Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2400 (1963, 1986); rev. Bruce Shultz (1996)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 110 registers, 90 stops, 114 ranks
From 1995-96, the Austin organ was rebuilt, enlarged, and tonally revised by Bruce Shultz of Bruce Shultz and Associates of Philadelphia. Several stops from the 1917-1940 Ernest M. Skinner organ were incorporated in the four-manual instrument. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Contra Gemshorn 73
2 2/3
Octave Quint
61
8 Principal 61 2 Super Octave 61
8 Bourdon 61 Fourniture IV ranks 244
8 Gemshorn (fr. 16') Scharf III ranks 183
4 Octave 61 8 Trompete 61
4 Nachthorn 61
Chimes
25 notes
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Lieblich Gedeckt 80 4 Waldflöte * 68
8 Geigen Principal 68 2 Octavin 61
8 Rohrflöte (fr. 16') Sesquialtera II ranks 122
8 Viole de Gambe 68
Plein Jeu IV ranks 244
8 Voix Celeste (GG) 61 16 Fagotto 68
8 Flute Conique 68 8 Trompette 68
8 Flute Celeste (TC) 56 8 Hautbois 68
8 Viol d'amour * 68 4 Clairon 68
8 Viol Celeste (TC) * 56
Vox Humana
preparation
4 Principal 68 Tremulant
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

8 Quintaten 68 2 Blockflöte 61
8 Viola 68
1 3/5
Tierce 61
8 Holzgedeckt 68 16 Rankett 68
8 Erzähler 68 8 Krummhorn 68
8 Kleine Erzähler II ranks * 124 4 Rohr Schalmei 68
4 Montre 68 Tremulant
4 Spitzflöte 68 Harp
2 2/3
Nazard 61
---

Positive Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 4]

8 Nason Flute 61 1 Sifflöte 61
4 Koppelflöte 61 Scharf IV ranks 244
2 Oktav 61 Cymbel III ranks 183
1 1/3
Quint 61
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

8 Orchestral Flute 68 8 English Horn 68
8 Violoncello 68 8 French Horn * 68
8 Cello Celeste * 68 8 Bombarde 68
4 Concert Flute 68 4 Bombarde Clarion 68
Grand Chorus V ranks 305 Tremulant
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 6]

32 Contra Bourdon * 56 4 Waldflöte 32
16 Contra Bass * 32 2 Choral Bass (fr. 4')
16 Bourdon (fr. 32') * Mixture IV ranks 128
16 Gemshorn GT 32 Contre Bombarde (ext. SO) * 12
16 Quintaten CH 16 Posaune 44
16 Lieblich Gedeckt SW 16 Bombarde (ext. SO) * 12
8 Principal 32 16 Fagotto SW
8 Bourdon (fr. 32') * 16 Rankett CH
8 Gemshorn GT 8 Posaune (fr. 16')
8 Rohrflöte SW 4 Rohr Schalmei CH
4 Choral Bass 44 Chimes GT
---

Antiphonal Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 7]

8 Principal 61 2 Spitz Fifteenth 61
8 Pommer Gedeckt 61
1 1/3
Quint 61
4 Prestant 61 Mixture III ranks 183
4 Flute Ouverte 61
---

Antiphonal Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 8]

8 Rohrflöte 68 4 Harmonic Flute 68
8 Salicional 68 Plein Jeu III ranks 183
8 Dulciana 68 8 Trompette 68
8 Unda Maris (TC) 56 Tremulant
4 Octave 68
---

Antiphonal Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 9]

16 Salicional [ext. A-SW] 12 8 Gedeckt A-SW
16 Gedeckt [ext. A-SW] 12 4 Super Octave A-GT
8 Principal A-GT
* from E.M. Skinner organ, Op. 280 (1917, 1940)
---

ORGAN 11/3 -- Austin Organs Inc. [Austin]

---------- Austin Organ, Op. 2400 (1963) previously at Brick Presbyterian Church, New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)

Austin Organs Inc.

Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2400 (1963)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 99 registers, 77 stops, 104 ranks
In 1963, an entirely new organ was built by Austin Organs of Hartford. Several stops from the 1917/1940 Ernest M. Skinner organ were incorporated into the four-manual 106-rank instrument.
The Brick Church organ was one of a "quartet" of large and important Austin organs installed in 1961 in New York City, the others being at the Church of the Heavenly Rest (Op. 1586-B), Fifth Avenue Presbyterian (Op. 2347), and First Presbyterian (Op. 2408). ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 1]

16 Diapason 61 4 Flute Harmonique 61
8 First Diapason 61 4 Octave 61
8 Second Diapason 61
Grave Mixture II ranks 122
8 Third Diapason CH
Mixture IV ranks 244
8 Stentorphone 61 8 Flugel Horn CH
8 Erzahler 61 16 Ophicleide SO
8 Gamba SO 8 Trumpet SO
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Tuba SO
8 Dulciana CH 4 Clarion SO
8 Harmonic Flute 61 8 Harp (TC) CH
8 Waldflote SO 4 Celesta CH
8 Concert Flute CH
Chimes EC
8
Flute Celeste
CH
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon 73 4 Violina 73
8 First Diapason 73 4 Flute Harmonique 73
8 Second Diapason 73 4 Octave 73
8 Salicional 73 2 Flautino 61
8 Viole d'Orchestre 73 Cornet III ranks 183
8 Voix Celeste 73 Mixture IV ranks 244
8 Orchestral Strings 16 Contra Posaune 73
8 Viole d'Amour 73 8 Cornopean 73
8 Unda Maris 73 8 Oboe 73
8 Clarabella 73 8 Vox Humana (sep. box) 61
8 Gedeckt 73 4 Clarion 73
8 Spitzflote 73 Tremolo
8
Flute Celeste
73
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16
Gemshorn
73
1 1/7
Septieme
61
16 Contra Gamba 73 2 Piccolo 61
8 Diapason 73 16 Fagotto 73
8 Dolce 73 8 Clarinet 73
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Flugel Horn 73
8 Dulciana 73 8 English Horn SO
8 Kleine Erzähler 73 8 French Horn SO
8 Concert Flute 73 8 Tuba Mirabilis SO
8 Quintadena 73 8 Harp (TC)
4 Flute d'Amour 73 4 Celesta
2 2/3
Nazard 61 Tremolo
1 3/5
Tierce 61
---

Choir Echo Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 4]

8 Gedeckt 8 Flugel Horn
8 Vox Angelica II ranks 8 Vox Humana
8 Chimney Flute
Chimes
27 notes
Mixture III ranks 16 Pedal Bourdon
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

8 Diapason 73 8 English Horn 73
8 Stentorphone 73 8 French Horn 73
8 Harmonic Flute 73 16 Ophicleide 73
8 Gamba 73 8 Trumpet 73
8 Gamba Celeste 73 8 Tuba 73
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Tuba Mirabilis 73
4 Solo Flute 73 4 Clarion 73
8 Musette 73 Tremolo
8 Orchestral Oboe 73
---

Solo Echo Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 6]

8 Gedeckt 73 8 Flugel Horn 73
8 Vox Angelica II ranks 134 8 Vox Humana 61
8 Chimney Flute 73
Chimes
27 tubes
Mixture III ranks 183 Tremolo
16 Pedal Bourdon 12
---

Orchestral Strings (floating) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 7]

8 Gross Gamba 73 8 Viole Celeste 73
8 Gamba Celeste 73 4 Octave 73
8 Viole d'Orchestre 73 Tremolo
N.B. The Orchestral Strings was a separate string organ of five ranks of various scales and voicing tuned as a large celeste and in its own box, which was controlled automatically by the swell shoe of the manual on which the strings were drawn. If drawn on two or more manuals at the same time, the Swell Organ shoe would control this box. The tremolo of each manual controlled its tremolo.
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 8]

32 Bourdon 68 8 Still Gedeckt SW
32 Resultant 8 Cello CH
16 Diapason I 44
5 1/3
Quint Bass (fr. 32')
16 Diapason II GT 4 Flute (fr. 32')
16 Violone 32 32 Bombarde 56
16 Gemshorn CH 16 Trombone (fr. 32' Bomb.)
16 Bourdon (fr. 32') 16 Contra Posaune SW
16 Lieblich Gedeckt SW 16 Fagotto CH
16 Echo Bourdon 32 8 Tromba (fr. 32' Bomb.)
16 Gamba CH 8 Tuba SO
8 Octave (fr. Diapason I) 4 Clarion SO
8 Gemshorn CH Chimes EC
8
Gedeckt (fr. 32')
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 9]

Swell to Pedal 8', 4' Solo to Choir 8"
Great to Pedal 8' Swell to Solo 16', 8', 4'
Choir to Pedal 8', 4' Great to Solo 8'
Solo to Pedal 8', 4' Choir to Solo 16', 8', 4'
Swell to Great 16', 8', 4' Great to Great 16', 4'
Choir to Great 16', 8', 4' Swell to Swell 16', 4'
Solo to Great 16', 8', 4' Choir to Choir 16', 4'
Solo to Swell 8' Solo to Solo 16', 4'
Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4' Pedal divide for Swell & Solo to Pedal
---

Reversibles [Organ div no. 10]

Great to Pedal Swell to Pedal
Solo to Pedal Solo to Great
Choir to Pedal
---

Combination Pistons [Organ div no. 11]

Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Swell Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb & toe)
Great Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Choir Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (toe)
Couplers Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11 (thumb)
---

Mechanicals [Organ div no. 12]

Solo, Swell, Great, and Choir Unison On and Off
Harp Damper On and Off
Pedal 32' Silenced
Manual 16' Silenced
Pedal On and Off combinations on each manual
Great & Choir swell pedals to Solo pedal by pedal reversible
Solo, Swell, Great and Choir swell pedals
Swell Pedal for entire organ
Crescendo Pedal, Crescendo Indicator
Sforzando by piston or by pedal
---

ORGAN 12/4 -- Ernest M. Skinner & Son Company [EMSkinnerSon]

---------- Organ moved from the church located on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street:

Ernest M. Skinner & Son Company

Methuen, Mass. (1940)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 125 registers, 80 stops, 92 ranks
The first organ in the present building was originally built in 1917 by the Ernest M. Skinner Company of Boston for the Brick Church building on Fifth Avenue. In 1940, the organ was rebuilt with a new four-manual console and installed in the new building by Ernest M. Skinner & Son Company of Methuen, Mass. The rebuilt organ was dedicated on December 10, 1940, with a recital by Dr. Clarence Dickinson, assisted by the Brick Church Motet Choir and the Chapel Choir of Union Theological Seminary. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Double Open Diapason 58 4 Flute Harmonique * 58
8 Open Diapason 58
2 2/3
Octave Quint * 58
8 Bell Diapason 58 2 Super Octave * 58
8 Viola di Gamba 58
Mixture 4 ranks * 232
8 Doppel Flöte 58 8 Trumpet * 58
4
Octave *
58
* enclosed in Choir swell-box
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon, Treble and Bass 58 4 Hohl Flöte 58
8 Open Diapason 58 4 Flageolet 58
8 Flute à Pavillon 58 2 Cornet 3, 4 & 5 ranks 230
8 Salicional 58 16 Contra Fagotto 58
8 Dolce 58 8 Cornopean 58
8 Stopped Diapason 58 8 Oboe 58
4 Octave 58 8 Vox Humana 58
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

8
Geigen Principal
58
4
Fugara
58
8
Dulciana
58
4
Flute d'Amour
58
8
Concert Flute
58
2
Piccolo Harmonique
58
8
Quintadena
58
8
Clarinet
58
---

Pedal Organ – 30 notes [Organ div no. 4]

16 Open Diapason 30 8 Violoncello 30
16 Dulciana 30 8 Flute 30
16
Bourdon
30
16
Trombone
30
10 2/3
Quint
30
---

ORGAN 13/5 -- Hilborne L. Roosevelt [Roosevelt]

---------- Organ in church located on Park Avenue and 85th Street:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt

New York City – Opus 300 (1886)
Tubular-pneumatic chests
Mechanical key action
3 manuals, 40 stops, 47 ranks
The Hilborne L. Roosevelt organ in the Park Avenue Presbyterian Church was a rebuild of the 1860 Thomas Robjohn organ built for the South Dutch Reformed Church located at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 21st Street. In 1911, the organ was moved to the new South church building on Park Avenue. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 1]

16 Diapason 61 8 Flute Celeste CH
8 First Diapason 61 8 Dulciana CH
8 Second Diapason 61 4 Octave 61
8 Third Diapason CH 4 Flute Harmonique 61
8 Stentorphone SO Mixture IV ranks 244
8 Philomela SO 16 Ophicleide SO
8 Grossflote 61 8 Trumpet SO
8 Waldflote 61 8 Tuba SO
8 Erzahler 61 4 Clarion SO
8 Orchestral Strings Harp CH
8 Gamba SO Celesta CH
8 Concert Flute CH
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon 73 8 Flute Celeste 73
8 First Diapason 73 4 Octave 73
8 Second Diapason 73 4 Flute Harmonique 73
8 Clarabella 73 2 Piccolo Harmonique 61
8 Gedeckt 73 Mixture IV ranks 244
8 Salicional 73 16 Contra Posaune 73
8 Viole d'Orchestre 73 8 Cornopean 73
8 Voix Celeste 73 8 Oboe 73
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Vox Humana (sep. box) 61
8 Viole d'Amour 73 4 Clarion 73
8 Unda Maris 73 Tremolo
8 Spitzflote 73
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16 Contra Gamba 73 2 Piccolo 61
8 Diapason 73 16 Fagotto 73
8 Concert Flute 73 8 Clarinet 73
8 Flute Celeste 73 8 Flugel Horn 73
8 Quintadena 73 8 English Horn SO
8 Dulcet II ranks 146 8 Orchestral Oboe SO
8 Dulciana 73 8 French Horn SO
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Tuba Mirabilis SO
8 Kleine Erzahler II ranks 146 Tremolo
4 Flute d'Amour 73 Harp
2 2/3
Nazard 61 Celesta
---

Choir Echo Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 4]

8 Gedeckt 8 Flugel Horn
8 Vox Angelica II ranks Chimes
8 Chimney Flute 16 Pedal Bourdon
Mixture III ranks
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

8 Stentorphone 73 8 Tuba 73
8 Philomela (ext. PED) 17 8 Trumpet 73
8 Gamba 73 8 French Horn 73
8 Gamba Celeste 73 8 English Horn 73
8 Orchestral Strings 8 Musette 73
8 Solo Flute 73 8 Orchestral Oboe 73
Mixture III ranks 183 4 Clarion 73
16 Ophicleide 73 Tremolo
8 Tuba Mirabilis 73
---

Solo Echo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 6]

16 Bourdon 61 8 Flugel Horn 61
8 Gedeckt 61 8 Vox Humana 61
8 Vox Angelica II ranks 122 Tremolo
4 Chimney Flute 61
Chimes 27 tubes
Mixture III ranks 183 16 Pedal Bourdon EC
---

Orchestral Strings (floating) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 7]

8 Gross Gamba 73 8 Viole Celeste 73
8 Gamba Celeste 73 8 Vox Humana 73
8 Viole d'Orchestre 73 Tremolo
N.B. The Orchestral Strings was a separate string organ of five ranks of various scales and voicing tuned as a large celeste and in its own box, which was controlled automatically by the swell shoe of the manual on which the strings were drawn. If drawn on two or more manuals at the same time, the Swell Organ shoe would control this box. The tremolo of each manual controlled its tremolo.
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 8]

32 Bourdon 68 8 Cello SW
32 Resultant 8 Gamba CH
16 Diapason I 44 4 Flute
16 Diapason II GT 32 Bombarde 56
16 Bourdon (fr. 32') 16 Trombone (fr. 32' Bomb.)
16 Violone 32 16 Contra Posaune SW
16 Echo Bourdon 32 16 Fagotto CH
16 Lieblich Gedeckt SW 8 Tromba (fr. 32' Bomb.)
16 Gamba CH 8 Tuba SO
8 Octave (fr. Diapason I) 4 Clarion SO
8 Gedeckt (fr. 32') Chimes EC
8 Still Gedeckt SW
---

ORGAN 14/6 -- Ernest M. Skinner Company [Skinner]

----------

Hutchings Organ Case in The Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Arnold Moses, Historical American Buildings Survey, 1937)

The organ case in 1937
Console of E.M. Skinner Organ, Op. 280 (1917) - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: Brick Church Archives)
Skinner console prior to removal
Organ in church located on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street

Ernest M. Skinner Company


Boston, Mass. – Opus 280 (1917)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 119 registers, 75 stops, 87 ranks
In 1917, the Ernest M. Skinner Company of Boston built a new four-manual organ, retaining the 1898 George S. Hutchings organ case. An unusual feature of this organ was the set of Master expression shutters that controlled the entire organ. Clarence Dickinson played the dedicatory recital in November 1918. When the new church building on Park Avenue was built in 1940, E.M. Skinner & Son was contracted to move and rebuild the 1917 organ.
Dr. Clarence Dickinson
Dr. Clarence Dickinson
It was under the leadership of Dr. Clarence Dickinson, who was organist and choirmaster from 1909-1960, that the church's music program rose to national prominence. Dr. Dickinson, along with his wife, Dr. Helen Dickinson, founded the School of Sacred Music at Union Theological Seminary in New York City.
----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Open Diapason 61 4 Octave 61
8 First Open Diapason 61 4 Hohl Flute 61
8 Second Open Diapason 61
2 2/3
Octave Quinte 61
8 Viola d'Amour 61 2 Super Octave 61
8 Gross Gamba 61 Mixture IV ranks 244
8 Doppel Flote 61 8 Trumpet 61
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon Bass 12 4 Gemshorn 61
16
Bourdon Treble (TC)
49
4
Flute Harmonique
61
8 Open Diapason 61 2 Flageolet 61
8 Salicional 61 Dolce Cornet III ranks 183
8 Æoline 61 16 Contra Fagotto 61
8 Vox Celestis 61 8 Cornopean 61
8 Stopped Diapason 61 8 Oboe 61
8 Spitz Flute 61 8 Vox Humana 61
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16 Contra Gamba 61 4 Fugara 61
8 Open Diapason 61 4 Flute d'Amour 61
8 Dolce 61 2 Piccolo Harmonique 61
8 Concert Flute 61 8 Clarinet 61
8 Quintadena 61
---

Pedal Organ – 30 notes [Organ div no. 4]

16 Open Diapason 30 8 Violoncello 30
16 Violone 30 8 Gedackt 30
16 Bourdon 30 16 Trombone 30
10 2/3
Quinte 30 8 Tromba 30
8
Flote
30
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 5]

(Oscillating tablets)
Swell to Great 8' Great to Pedal
Swell to Swell 4' Great Separation
Swell to Swell 16' Choir to Great 8'
Swell to Choir 8' Choir to Great 16'
Swell to Pedal Choir to Pedal
Great to Great 4'
---

Adjustable Combinations [Organ div no. 6]

Four and Release operating on Great and Pedal stops
Five and Release operating on Swell and Pedal stops
Three and Release operating on Choir and Pedal stops
General Release
Pedal Release
---

Pedal Movements [Organ div no. 7]

Great to Pedal Reversible Balanced Swell Pedal
Full Organ Pedal controlling entire organ Balanced Choir Pedal
Swell Tremolo Balanced Crescendo Pedal
Choir Tremolo
---

ORGAN 15/7 -- George S. Hutchings [Hutchings]

---------- Geo. S. Hutchings Organ, Op. 428 (1898) previously at The Brick Church - New York City (photo: Brick Presbyterian Church) Organ in church located on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street:

George S. Hutchings

Boston, Mass. – Opus 428 (1898)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 45 stops, 50 ranks


In 1898, as a thank-offering for the first fifteen years of ministry by Dr. van Dyke, the pastor, the rear gallery and organ were greatly enlarged. George S. Hutchings of Boston was contracted to build their Opus 428, a modern three-manual organ having electro-pneumatic action and fifty ranks.
The "bat-wing" console of the Geo. S. Hutchings Organ, Op. 428 (1898) previously at The Brick Church - New York City (photo: Jim Lewis) The organ was controlled by a Hutchings Patented Movable Console, often referred to as a "bat-wing" console due to its hinged stop jambs on either side of the keyboards; the jambs could be pulled in toward the keyboards in order to close the rolltop cover.
Following are the original published specifications along with suggested pipecounts based on Hutchings organs of the era. By 1904 the organ had been altered slightly — including the addition of a pair of undulating strings in the Choir and a 32' Resultant in the Pedal — as listed in a 1904 program given by Archer Gibson, organist of the church.
In 1917, the Hutchings organ was replaced by a new organ built by the Ernest M. Skinner Company, his Op. 280. Skinner rebuilt the Hutchings organ and provided a new console (as Op. 279) before moving it to Trinity Episcopal Church in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. ----------

ORGAN 16/8 -- Richard M. Ferris [Ferris]

---------- The Richard M. Ferris Organ (1858) previously at The Brick Church - New York City (photo: Brick Presbyterian Church) Richard M. Ferris Organ (1858) Organ in church located on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street:

Richard M. Ferris


New York City (1858)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 32 stops
Rebuilt and moved by William J. Stuart (ca. 1866)
Moved to rear gallery by Hilborne L. Roosevelt (1883) When the new Brick Church was built on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street in Murray Hill, "... it had been determined that the violoncello should no longer supply the church’s music. This innovation, which the trustees had early made a part of their plans, was, it is interesting to know, heartily desired by the congregation and by the session, 'in the hope,' as they said, 'of adding interest to the public worship of the sanctuary.' The debated question in regard to the organ, therefore, was not whether there should be one, but where it should be placed, some favoring the front of the church above the entrance, and others at the west end behind the pulpit." The decision was made to place the church's first organ in a small gallery above and behind the pulpit. Built in 1858 by Richard M. Ferris of New York City, the organ had two manuals and 32 stops, and cost $2,300.

Only a few years later (ca. 1866) the church desired a quartette to replace the single chorister. “No proper space had been provided in the new church for a choir, even of four voices, and it was at first thought that the best way of dealing with this difficulty would be to open an entirely new gallery under the tower at the east end of the church. But Mr. Thomas, the architect, recommended a less costly change, by which the gallery behind the pulpit might still be utilized. Under his supervision the columns, whose arrangement had interfered with that gallery’s use, were now moved to their present positions, providing a clear space of ten feet in the centre. Here it was designed that the quartette should stand, while the organ, considerably enlarged (“reconstructed by Mr. William J. Stewart” [sic] of Albany), was moved back as far as was necessary, a certain portion of the room in the rear being appropriated for this purpose. When these structural changes had been made, a quartette was engaged and a new era in the history of worship in the Brick Church had begun. The trustees had dealt with the matter in a generous spirit and provided out of the church treasury the additional sum which the change involved. The music, which had been costing $1,400, now called for $2,500. By 1869, the annual cost of the music had come to be nearly $4,000.
Ferris & Stuart organ after move to east gallery by Hilborne L. Roosevelt in 1883 - Brick Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Brick Presbyterian Church)
Ferris & Stuart Organ as moved by Hilborne L. Roosevelt (1883)
During the months of June–October 1883, the notably plain Meetinghouse-style church was extensively decorated by artist John La Farge “and executed by Miss Tillinghast” at a cost of $30,000–$40,000. One important change made at this time was the removal of the organ and choir from the gallery above and behind the pulpit (where the spaces between the columns were filled in with mosaic-covered walls) to a new gallery opened at the east (main entrance) end of the church. The church engaged Hilborne L. Roosevelt, noted organ builder of New York City, to move the organ, but Roosevelt did not assign an opus number to this job. For an unknown reason, Mr. Roosevelt had to sue the church in order to be paid the $900 owed him.

Specifications for these organs have not yet been located.

----------

ORGAN 17/9 -- Unknown Builder [Lecture]

---------- Organ in Lecture Room of church located on Fifth Avenue at 37th Street:

Unknown Builder
(1872)
In 1872, a small pipe organ was erected in the Lecture Room of the "Chapel” building located behind the church. The specification for this organ has not yet been located. ----------