Manhattan — Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre — Times Square

Categories: Theatres & Nickelodeons

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venue_name => Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre
venue_filename => CriterionTheatre.html
borough => manhattan
neighborhood => Times Square
venue_status => NE
vp_title => Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre - New York City
venue_aka => Criterion Theatre
venue_name_with_markup_ip {html} =>
<h3 class="venue_name">Criterion Theatre</h3> <span class="non_extant">NE</span> (Times Square)
venue_name_with_markup_vp {html} =>
<h2 class="venue">Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre</h2>
venue_name_ip => Criterion Theatre NE (Times Square)
venue_name_ip_clean => Criterion Theatre
venue_name_vp => Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre
venue_info_ip => 1514 Broadway at 44th Street (1895-1935) – replaced by new Criterion Theatre
venue_info_vp {html} =>
Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre - New York City <td width="200"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/CriterionTheatre1920Ext.jpg" alt="1920 photo of the Criterion Theatre - New York City (photo: Cinema Treasures)" width="200" border="0" > Criterion Theatre in 1920 1514 Broadway at 44th Street<br> New York, N.Y. 10036 <br><br><br> <!-- Description / Related Sites --> The first Criterion Theatre on Broadway was originally known as the Lyric, which opened in 1895 as part of Oscar Hammerstein&#39;s block-wide entertainment complex, the Olympia. The Lyric had about 1,700 seats and was decorated in the Louis XVI style. In 1898, Hammerstein was forced by his creditors to sell the Olympia complex at an auction in which the components were sold separately. <br> <td width="200"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/LyricTheatre1895Int.jpg" alt="1895 photo of the Lyric Theatre - New York City (photo: Cinema Treasures)" width="200" border="0" > Lyric Theatre in 1895 Stage producer Charles Frohman took over the Lyric and renamed it the Criterion in honor of the famous playhouse in London&#39;s Piccadilly Circus. The ex-Lyric&#39;s seating capacity was substantially reduced to about 900 by removing many of the five boxes which flanked both sides of the stage. In 1914, the Vitagraph Company transformed the theatre into a &quot;movie palace&quot; and gave it the name of Vitagraph Theatre. <br> <td width="200"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/VitagraphTheatre1914Ext.jpg" alt="1914 photo of the Vitagraph Theatre - New York City (photo: Cinema Treasures)" width="200" border="0" > Vitagraph Theatre in 1914 The Vitagraph opened on February 7, 1914, with the Vitagraph feature, "A Million Dollar Bid," and some Vitagraph short subjects. A Wurlitzer organ which could sound like a full orchestra provided the musical accompaniment. Although the Vitagraph Theatre proved successful, rival exhibitors were outraged by a producer-distributor operating its own theatre and began to boycott Vitagraph products. <br> In 1918, after continued pressure, Vitagraph chose not to renew its lease and withdrew from the theatre. At this time, the Vitagraph became known as the Criterion once again. In 1920, Paramount-Famous Players, which also ran the Rialto and Rivoli, took over the Criterion to showcase some of its most important releases, including "Beau Geste," "The Covered Wagon," and DeMille&#39;s first "Ten Commandments". The Criterion existed until its demolition in 1935, when the entire Olympia complex was razed to make way for new buildings which included a new Criterion Theatre.
venue_sources {html} =>
<td class="sources"><h2 class="sources">Sources</h2> Cinema Treasures web site: <a href="http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/16481">http://cinematreasures.org/theaters/16481</a><br> Junchen, David L., comp. and ed. by Jeff Weiler. <em>The WurliTzer Pipe Organ &ndash; An Illustrated History.</em> Chicago: The American Theatre Organ Society, 2005. <br> Kaufmann, Preston J. <em>Encyclopedia of the American Theatre Organ, Vol. 3. </em>Pasadena: Showcase Publications, 1995. <br> Illustrations Cinema Treasures web site.
venue_html_ip {html} =>
<td><h3 class="venue_name"><a href="/Organs/NYC/html/CriterionTheatre.html">Criterion Theatre</a></h3> <span class="non_extant">NE</span> (Times Square)</td> <td>1514 Broadway at 44th Street (1895-1935) &ndash; replaced by new Criterion Theatre <br> <div class="organ with_specs">II/6 &quot;Style 160&quot; Wurlitzer, Op. 293 (1920)</div> <div class="organ with_specs">III/13 &quot;Style 6 Special&quot; Wurtlizer, Op. 33 (1914) &ndash; formerly Op. 4 plus 32&#39; Diaphone &amp; 16&#39; Tuba</div></td>
venue_html_vp {html} =>
[WIP]
num_organs_ip => 2
num_organs_vp => 3
organs_summary {html} =>
<h2 class="organs_summary">Organ Specifications:</h2><a href="#Wurlitzer293">II/6 "Style 160" Wurlitzer, Op. 293</a> (1920)<a href="#Wurlitzer33">III/13 "Style 6 Special" Wurtlizer, Op. 33</a> (1914)
organs_html_ip {html} =>
II/6 "Style 160" Wurlitzer, Op. 293 (1920)
III/13 "Style 6 Special" Wurtlizer, Op. 33 (1914) – formerly Op. 4 plus 32' Diaphone & 16' Tuba
organs_html_vp {html} =>

Organ Specifications:

ORGAN 1/0 [Wurlitzer293]

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Organ Specifications:

II/6 "Style 160" Wurlitzer, Op. 293 (1920)III/13 "Style 6 Special" Wurtlizer, Op. 33 (1914)----------

Pedal – 32 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Bass 8 Flute
16 Bourdon
Bass Drum
8 Open Diapason
Kettle Drum
8 Cello
Cymbal
---

Accompaniment (Manual I) –- 61 notes [Organ div no. 2]

8 Trumpet
Piano
8 Open Diapason
Mandolin
8 Salicional
Snare Drum
8 Viol Celeste (TC)
Tambourine
8 Flute
Castanets
4
Salicet
Chinese Block
4
Octave Celeste
4
Flute
5 Adjustable Combination Pistons
---

Solo (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 3]

16 Bourdon 4 Octave Celeste
8 Trumpet 4 Flute
8 Open Diapason
Cathedral Chimes
8 Salicional
Xylophone
8 Viol Celeste (TC)
Glockenspiel
8
Flute
8
Vox Humana
5 Adjustable Combination Pistons
4
Salicet
---

General [Organ div no. 4]

One Balanced Expression Pedal
General Tremulant
Vox Humana Tremulant
---

Effects (operated by pistons) [Organ div no. 5]

Sleigh Bells Fire Gong Train
Horse Hoofs Siren Fire Gong [re-it]
Bird Triangle Steamboat Whistle
Auto Horn Surf Tom-Tom
Door Bell (push button)
---

ORGAN 2/1 -- Wurlitzer Organ Company [Wurlitzer293]

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Wurlitzer Organ Company

North Tonawanda, N.Y. – Opus 293 (1920)
Electro-pneumatic action
Style 160
2 manuals, 6 ranks, 4 tuned percussion, 17 traps, piano console


This organ is dated March 19, 1920, destined for the Criterion Theatre, but was later repossessed. In December 1925, the organ was sold to the Capitol Theatre in Macon, Ga. In November 1975, the organ was installed in the Mack Watson residence in Tucker, Ga., where it is believed to be extant. ----------

Pedal – 32 notes [Organ div no. 1]

32
Diaphone Second Touch
16
Tuba Bass Drum
16 Ophicleide
Kettle Drum
16 Clarinet
Crash Cymbal
16 Horn
16
Diaphone
Pizzicato Touch
8
Tuba Horn
16 Ophicleide
8
Horn Diapason
8
Clarinet
6 Adjustable Comb. Toe Pistons
8
Cello
8
Flute
Great to Pedal
Solo Octave to Pedal
---

Accompaniment (Manual I) –- 61 notes [Organ div no. 2]

16 Contra Viol (TC)
Second Touch
16 Tuba Horn
8 Tuba Horn
8 Horn Diapason
Cathedral Chimes
8 Clarinet
Sleigh Bells
8 Viol d'Orchestre
Xylophone
8
Viol Celeste
Triangle
8
Flute
Solo to Accompaniment
8
Vox Humana
4
Viol
Pizzicato Touch
4
Octave Celeste
8 Flute
4
Flute
Solo to Accompaniment
2 2/3
Twelfth
2
Piccolo
5 Adjustable Combination Pistons
Chrysoglott
49 notes
---

Great (Manual II) –- 61 notes [Organ div no. 3]

16
Tuba
2
Fifteenth
16
Ophicleide
2
Piccolo
16
Clarinet
1 3/5
Tierce
16
Contre Viol (TC)
Chimes
25 notes
16
Vox Humana (TC)
Sleigh Bells
25 notes
8
Tuba Horn
85
Xylophone
37 notes
8
Horn Diapason
85
Glockenspiel
37 notes
8
Clarinet
61
Saucer Bells [re-it]
25 notes
8
Viol d'Orchestre
73
Solo Octave
8
Viol Celeste
73
8
Flute
85
Second Touch
8
Vox Humana
61
16
Ophicleide
4
Clarion
Solo to Great
4
Octave
4
Viol
Pizzicato Touch
4
Octave Celeste
Solo to Great
4
Flute
2 2/3
Twelfth
5 Adjustable Comb. Pistons
[Double touch]
---

Solo (Manual III) – 37 notes (3 octaves from Tenor C up) [Organ div no. 4]

8 Tibia Clausa 49
Cathedral Chimes
8 Trumpet 49
Sleigh Bells
8 Orchestral Oboe 49
Xylophone
8 Kinura 49
Saucer Bells
8
Oboe Horn 61
Glockenspiel
8
Celestina 61
6 Adjustable Combination Pistons
---

General [Organ div no. 5]

Two Tremulants
Two Balanced Expression Pedals
Two Indicating and Controlling Keys for Expression Pedal
Thunder Pedal (Reed) – Piano Pedal
Thunder Pedal (Diaphone) – Piano Pedal
Re-Iterator for Strings
Re-Iterator for Solo
One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal - Piano Pedal
One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal - Piano Pedal
---

ORGAN 3/2 -- Wurlitzer Organ Company [Wurlitzer33]

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Wurlitzer Organ Company

North Tonawanda, N.Y. – Opus 33 (1914)
Electro-pneumatic action
Style 6 Special
3 manuals, 13 ranks, 6 tuned percussion, 4 traps, curved console
This organ, originally built as Wurlitzer's Op. 4, was shipped in 1912 to the Century Theatre in New York, but was later repossessed. In 1914, the organ was enlarged by the addition of a 32' Diaphone and a 16' Tuba, and sold for $21,270 to the Criterion Theatre as Wurlitzer's Op. 33.
1st Touch: Full Organ (wind)
2nd Touch: Everything
1st Touch: Snare Drum
2nd Touch: Bass Drum & Cymbals
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date_modified => 2022-03-11 16:32:03
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