Manhattan — Mother A.M.E. Zion Church — Harlem

Categories: Houses of Worship, Methodist (including A.M.E., A.M.E. Zion, Methodist Episcopal, United & Wesleyan)

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venue_name => Mother A.M.E. Zion Church
venue_filename => MotherAMEZion.html
borough => manhattan
neighborhood => Harlem
vp_title => Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City
venue_name_with_markup_ip {html} =>
<h3 class="venue_name">Mother A.M.E. Zion Church</h3> (Harlem)
venue_name_with_markup_vp {html} =>
<h2 class="venue">Mother A.M.E. Zion Church</h2>
venue_name_ip => Mother A.M.E. Zion Church (Harlem)
venue_name_ip_clean => Mother A.M.E. Zion Church
venue_name_vp => Mother A.M.E. Zion Church
venue_info_ip {html} =>
<span class="address">140 West 137th Street</span> (since 1925)<br> <span class="address">151 West 136th Street</span> (1914-1925) &ndash; orig. Holy Innocents Protestant Episcopal Church<br> <span class="address">127 West 89th Street</span> (1904-1914) &ndash; later Battery Swedish M. E. Church; then Endicott Theatre<br> <span class="address">Bleecker and West 10th Streets</span> (1864-1904) &ndash; orig. Greenwich Reformed Dutch Church<br> <span class="address">Church and Leonard Streets</span> (1800-1864)
venue_info_vp {html} =>
Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City <td width="200"><div align="center"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/MotherAMEZionExt.jpg" alt="Mother Zion A.M.E. Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)" width="200" border="0" ></div> 146 West 137th Street<br> New York, N.Y. 10030<br> <a href="http://motherafricanmethodistezchurch.com/" target="_blank"><br> <td width="175"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/MotherAMEZion1867Bleeker10th.jpg" alt="Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - Bleecker &amp; W. 10th St., New York City" width="175" > Mother African Methodist Episcopal Zion is the oldest black church in the U.S., founded in 1796 by celebrated African-American residents of New York City. From 1800-1864 the congregation worshiped on Church Street. <br> In 1864, the congregation moved to a frame building on the corner of Bleecker and West 10th Streets, where church was known as a "freedom church," a safe stop for slaves traveling along the Underground Railway.<br> <td width="175"><img src="/Organs/NYC/img/MotherAMEZion1925WurtsBros.jpg" alt="Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (Wurts Bros., 1925)" width="175" > The present Neo-Gothic building (1923-25) was designed by George W. Foster, Jr., one of the first black architects to be registered in the U.S. Continuing a legacy of liberation theology, the congregation is committed to caring for the less fortunate members of the community. Today their members are politically active, working to ensure awareness of civil rights for all.
venue_addresses {html} =>
<span class="address">140 West 137th Street</span> (since 1925)<br> <span class="address">151 West 136th Street</span> (1914-1925)<br> <span class="address">127 West 89th Street</span> (1904-1914)<br> <span class="address">Corner Bleecker and West 10th Streets</span> (1864-1904)<br> <span class="address">Church Street</span> (1800-1864)<br>
venue_sources {html} =>
<td class="sources"><h2 class="sources">Sources</h2> Organ Historical Society American Organ Archives, Princeton, N.J. Specification for M.P. M&ouml;ller Organ, Op. 4206 (1925). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.<br> Dunlap, David W. <em>From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan&#39;s Houses of Worship.</em> New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.<br> &quot;Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Manufacturer of Church, Chapel, Concert and Chamber Organs,&quot; catalog pub. by Roosevelt Organ Works (Dec. 1888); republished by The Organ Literature Foundation, Braintree, Mass., 1978.<br> Mother A.M.E. Zion Church. Archival information and photos. Courtesy the Rev. Dr. Gregory Robeson Smith, Senior Pastor.<br> Nelson, George. <em>Organs in the United States and Canada Database.</em> Seattle, Wash.<br> Illustrations Lawson, Steven E. Interior and exterior; Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976).<br> Mother A.M.E. Zion Church. Manuals, pedalboard, view from left of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976).<br> New York Public Library. A.M.E. Zion Church on Bleecker and West 10th Streets. <br> Wurts Bros. (New York, N.Y.). Exterior (1925). Collection of the Museum of the City of New York.
venue_html_ip {html} =>
<td><h3 class="venue_name"><a href="/Organs/NYC/html/MotherAMEZion.html">Mother A.M.E. Zion Church</a></h3> (Harlem)</td> <td><span class="address">140 West 137th Street</span> (since 1925)<br> <div class="organ with_specs">IV/55 Wicks Organ Company, Op. 5565 (1976)</div> <div class="organ with_specs">III/31 M.P. M&ouml;ller, Inc., Op. 4206 (1925)</div> <span class="address">151 West 136th Street</span> (1914-1925) &ndash; orig. Holy Innocents Protestant Episcopal Church<br> <div class="organ">I/3 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, No. 58 (1880) &ndash; moved to Methodist Church, Rochester, N.Y.</div> <div class="organ">II/20 George Jardine &amp; Son (1858)</div> <span class="address">127 West 89th Street</span> (1904-1914) &ndash; later Battery Swedish M. E. Church; then Endicott Theatre<br> <div class="organ">II/16 William H. Davis (1904)</div> <span class="address">Bleecker and West 10th Streets</span> (1864-1904) &ndash; orig. Greenwich Reformed Dutch Church<br> <div class="organ">II/22 Davis &amp; Ferris (1846)</div> <span class="address">Church and Leonard Streets</span> (1800-1864)<br> <div class="organ">unknown, if any </div></td>
venue_html_vp {html} =>
[WIP]
num_organs_ip => 7
num_organs_vp => 13
organs_summary {html} =>
<h2 class="organs_summary">Organ Specifications:</h2> <span class="address">140 West 137th Street</span> (since 1925)<br> <span class="style71"><a href="#Wicks">IV/55 Wicks Organ Company, Op. 5565</a></span> (1976)<br> <a href="#Moller">III/31 M. P. M&ouml;ller, Inc., Op. 4206</a> (1925) <span class="address">151 West 136th Street</span> (1914-1925)<br> <a href="#Roosevelt">I/3 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 58</a> (1880) II/20 George Jardine &amp; Son (1858) <span class="address">127 West 89th Street</span> (1904-1914)<br> II/16 William H. Davis &amp; Son (1904) <span class="address">Corner Bleecker and West 10th Streets</span> (1864-1904)<br> II/22 Davis &amp; Ferris (1846) <span class="address">Church Street</span> (1800-1864)<br> unknown, if any
organs_html_ip {html} =>
IV/55 Wicks Organ Company, Op. 5565 (1976)
III/31 M.P. Möller, Inc., Op. 4206 (1925)
I/3 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, No. 58 (1880) – moved to Methodist Church, Rochester, N.Y.
II/20 George Jardine & Son (1858)
II/16 William H. Davis (1904)
II/22 Davis & Ferris (1846)
unknown, if any
organs_html_vp {html} =>
IV/55 Wicks Organ Company, Op. 5565 (1976)
II/20 George Jardine & Son (1858)
II/16 William H. Davis & Son (1904)
II/22 Davis & Ferris (1846)
unknown, if any

ORGAN 7/0

---------- unknown, if any----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Montre 61
1 1/3
Mixture IV-V ranks 293
8 Principal 61 16 Basson SW
8 Kleinprincipal 61 8 Trompete 73
8 Rohrgedeckt 61 4 Klarine (fr. Trompete)
4 Octave 61 Tremolo
4 Principal 61 8 Trompette de Fête
ANT
4 Spielflöte 73
Chimes
25 tubes
2 Octave 61 Unison Off
2
Spielpfeife (fr. Sielflöte)
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

8 Koppelflöte * 61 16 Basson 73
8 Gambe 61 8 Trompette 73
8 Voix Celeste 61 8 Hautbois (fr. Basson)
4 Principal 73 8 Voix Humaine 61
4 Holztraverse * 73 4 Clairon (fr. Trompette)
2 2/3
Nasat * 61 Tremolo
2 Octave (fr. Principal) 8 Trompette de Fête
ANT
2 Octavin * (fr. Holztraverse) 8
Harp (TC)
1 3/5
Terz * 61 4
Celesta
49 bars
Cornet V ranks
Swell 16'
[collective, draws * stops]
Unison Off
1/3
Cimbel IV ranks
244
Swell 4'
---

Positive Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16 Bourdon 73 1 Blockflöte
8 Principal 61 1/2 Scharf III-IV ranks 232
8 Holzgedeckt (fr. Bourdon) 8 Cromhorne 61
8 Erzähler 61 Tremolo
8 Unda Maris (TC) 49 8 Trompette de Fête ANT
4 Octave 73 4 Celesta SW
4 Rohrflöte 73 Chimes GT
2 Weitoctave (fr. Octave) Positive 16'
2 Rohrpfeife (fr. Rohrflöte) Unison Off
1 1/3
Klein Nasard
Positive 4'
---

Antiphonal Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 4]

8 Bourdon 73 1 Fourniture III-V ranks 269
4 Prestant 73 8 Trompette de Fête 61
4 Doppelflöte (fr. Bourdon) 4 Clairon de Fête (fr. 8')
2 Doublette (fr. Prestant)
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 5]

32 Gross Untersatz 56 4 Gedacktflöte PO
16 Holzprincipal 32 2 Mixtur IV ranks 128
16
Principal (metal)
56
32
Bombarde
56
16 Subbass (fr. 32') 16 Bombarde
16 Bourdon PO 16 Basson SW
10 2/3
Bourdon PO 8 Trompette
8 Octave (fr. Principal) 8 Trompete de Fête ANT
8 Pommer (fr. 32') 4 Clairon
8 Holzgedeckt PO 4 Cromhorne PO
4 Choralbass (fr. Principal)
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 6]

Great to Pedal 8' Antiphonal to Great 8'
Swell to Pedal 8', 4' Pedal to Great 8'
Positive to Pedal 8', 4' Antiphonal to Swell 8'
Antiphonal to Pedal 8' Great to Positive 8'
Swell to Great 16', 8', 4' Swell to Positive 16', 8', 4'
Positive to Great 16', 8', 4'
---

Adjustable Combinations [Organ div no. 7]

Antiphonal Organ Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb)
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5 (thumb)
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5 (thumb)
Positive Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5 (thumb)
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5 (thumb)
Full Organ Pistons A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H (thumb & toe)
---

Reversibles [Organ div no. 8]

Great to Pedal (thumb & toe) Swell to Great (thumb & toe)
Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe) Tutti (thumb & toe)
Positive to Pedal (thumb & toe) 32' Untersatz (toe)
Antiphonal to Pedal (thumb & toe) 32' Bombarde (toe)
---

Accessories [Organ div no. 9]

Balanced Swell Expression Pedal Tutti Indicator Light
Balanced Positive Expression Pedal Crescendo Indicator (six lights)
Balanced Crescendo Pedal Chancel Wind Indicator Light
Orchestral Crescendo (tablet) Antiphonal Wind Indicator Light
Combination Lock Orchestral Crescendo Ind. Light
Console of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Console of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Mother A.M.E. Zion Church)
Console of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)

Console of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Mother A.M.E. Zion Church)
Console of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Mother A.M.E. Zion Church)

Rear Gallery showing Trompete de Fete of Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
---

ORGAN 8/1 -- Wicks Organ Company [Wicks]

----------

Wicks Organ, Op. 5565 (1976) in the Mother A.M.E. Zion Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)

Wicks Organ Company

Highland, Ill. – Opus 5565 (1976)
Direct Electric ® action
4 manuals, 70 registers, 38 stops, 55 ranks
The specification of the Wicks organ at Mother A.M.E. Zion Church was a collaboration between organist Solomon Herriot and Allan J. Ontko. Layout and scaling were designed by Mr. Ontko, who, along with Guy Henderson, installed and tonally finished the organ. Jack Steinkampf voiced the Trompette de Fête, a horizontal reed located in the gallery. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed with Choir [Organ div no. 1]

16 Double Open Diapason 73 8 Gemshorn 73
8 First Open Diapason 73 4 Flute Harmonique 73
8 Second Open Diapason 73 4 Octave 73
8 Doppel Flute 73 8 Tuba 73
8 Clarabella 73
Chimes
25 tubes
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon 85
2 2/3
Quint
8 Open Diapason 73 2 Fifteenth
8 Viole d'Orchestre 73
1 3/5
Tiercena
8 Vox Celeste (TC) 61
Mixture III ranks 183
8 Salicional 85 8 Cornopean 73
8 Flauto Traverso 73 8 Oboe 73
8 Gedeckt (fr. Bourdon) 8 Vox Humana 61
8 Aeoline 73 Tremulant
4 Orchestral Flute 73 8
Harp (TC)
49 bars
4 Salicet (fr. 8')
---

Choir Organ(Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

8 English Open Diapason 73 8 Dulciana 73
8 Viole da Gamba 73 4 Dulcet
8 Doppel Flute GT 4 Flute
8 Melodia 73 8 Tuba GT
8 Gemshorn GT 8 Clarinet 73
8 Gemshorn Celeste 61 Tremulant
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 4]

16 Open Diapason 44 8 Octave (fr. Open Diap.)
16 Small Diapason GT 8 Violoncello CH
16 Bourdon 44 8 Flute (fr. Bourdon)
16 Lieblich Gedeckt SW 16 Tuba (ext. GT) 12
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 5]

Great to Pedal 8', 4' Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
Swell to Pedal 8', 4' Choir to Swell 16', 8', 4'
Choir to Pedal 8', 4' Great 16', 4', Unison Off
Swell to Great 16', 8', 4' Swell 16', 4', Unison Off
Choir to Great 16', 8', 4' Choir 16', 4', Unison Off
---

Adjustable Combinations [Organ div no. 6]

Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-0
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-0
Choir Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-0
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-0
Full Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4
---

Pedal Movements [Organ div no. 7]

Balanced Expression Pedal, Swell Organ Great to Pedal Reversible
Balanced Expression Pedal, Great-Choir Organs Sforzando Pedal
Grand Crescendo Pedal
---

ORGAN 9/2 -- M. P. Möller, Inc. [Moller]

---------- First organ in present church building:

M. P. Möller, Inc.

Hagerstown, Md. – Opus 4206 (1925)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 45 registers, 29 stops, 31 ranks
The original organ in the present building was built by the M.P. Möller Company. Pipecounts shown on the following specification are suggested, based on similar Möller organs of the era. ----------

Manual – 58 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 1]


8 Open Diapason, Treble (TF) 29
8 Open Diapason, Bass 29
8 Dulciana, Treble (TF) 29
8 Dulciana, Bass 29
16 Bourdon, Bass 13
---

Pedal – 13 notes [Organ div no. 2]


No stops; by coupler only
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 3]


Manual Octaves
Manual to Pedal
---

Mechanical Accessories [Organ div no. 4]


Tremulant
Bellow's Signal
---

ORGAN 11/4 -- Hilborne L. Roosevelt [Roosevelt]

---------- Known organ in church located at 151 West 136th Street:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt

New York City – Opus 58 (1880)
Mechanical action
1 manual, 3 stops
Although the exact specifications of this organ have not been located, it seems likely that the instrument was one of Roosevelt's two stock models — "Style Two" or "Style Three" — that had one manual and three stops. Both models had an 8' Open Diapason and 8' Dulciana with 58 notes, plus a 13-note 16' Bourdon Bass. "Style Three" differed from "Style Two" in that the Open Diapason and Dulciana were divided stops with 29 notes in the Treble, and 29 notes in the Bass. Both styles were 7'6" wide, 3' deep (3'4" for the Style Three), and 12' in height.
Following is the specification of a "Style Three." ----------

Pedal Movement [Organ div no. 1]


Balanced Swell Pedal
---

ORGAN 13/6 -- Davis & Ferris

---------- Known organ in church located at 151 West 136th Street:

George Jardine & Son

New York City (1858)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 20 stops
Specifications for this organ have not yet been located. Known organ in church located at 127 West 89th Street:

William H. Davis & Son

New York City (1904)
Tubular-pneumatic action
2 manuals, 16 stops
Specifications for this organ have not yet been located. Known organ in church located on Bleecker Street:

Davis & Ferris

New York City (1846)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 22 stops
Specifications for this organ have not yet been located. ----------
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date_modified => 2022-03-11 16:32:03
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