Manhattan — Second Presbyterian Church — Upper West Side

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venue_name => Second Presbyterian Church
venue_filename => SecondPres.html
borough => manhattan
neighborhood => Upper West Side
vp_title => Second Presbyterian Church - New York City
venue_name_with_markup_ip {html} =>
<h3 class="venue_name">Second Presbyterian Church</h3> (Upper West Side)
venue_name_with_markup_vp {html} =>
<h2 class="venue">Second Presbyterian Church</h2>
venue_name_ip => Second Presbyterian Church (Upper West Side)
venue_name_ip_clean => Second Presbyterian Church
venue_name_vp => Second Presbyterian Church
venue_info_ip {html} =>
<span class="address">6 West 96th Street </span>(since 1929)<br> <span class="address">Central Park West at 96th Street</span> (1894-1929) &ndash; renamed Second Presbyterian Church<br> <span class="address">53 West 14th Street</span> (1853-1894)<br> <span class="address">Grand Street at Mercer</span> (1837-1852) &ndash; sold to Fourth Presbyterian Church<br> <span class="address">Cedar Street</span> (1768-1837) &ndash; known as Scots or Scotch Presbyterian Church
venue_info_vp {html} =>
Second Presbyterian Church - New York City <td width="200"><img src="../img/SecondPres1930Ext.jpg" alt="360 Central Park West - New York City (Wurts Bros., 1930, MCNY)" width="200" > <td width="200"><img src="../img/ScotchPres1910Ext.jpg" alt="Scotch Presbyterian Church - New York City (NYHS)" width="200" > <td width="200"><img src="../img/ScotchPres1890Ext.jpg" alt="Scotch Presbyterian Church - New York City (c. 1890, MCNY)" width="200" > 4 West 96th Street, near Central Park West<br> New York, N.Y. 10025<br> <a href="http://www.secondpresbyteriannyc.org/">www.secondpresbyteriannyc.org</a><br> Originally known as the Scots (or &quot;Scotch&quot;) Presbyterian Church, Second Presbyterian Church was established in 1756 after separating from the First Presbyterian Church over a disagreement about which version of the Psalms to use. The new society was a branch of the Associate Church Church of Scotland and was known for a long period as &quot;The First Associate Reformed Church of New York.&quot; It was not until 1824 that it became connected with the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. In 1768, the Scots Church erected a building on Cedar Street, where it remained for almost 70 years. A stone Greek Revival building was constructed between 1836-37 on Grand Street; it included a gallery for persons of color. This building was sold to the Fourth Presbyterian Church in 1852. Continuing its migration northward, the church moved again to 53 West 14th Street, where it remained from 1853 to 1894. At the end of the 19th century, 14th Street had become a busy commercial center, and the church moved once again, this time to a corner plot across from Central Park on West 96th Street. An imposing Romanesque building with an open-air tower was designed by William H. Hume &amp; Son, and constructed between 1893-94. <br> <td width="200"><img src="../img/SecondPresInt.jpg" alt="Second Presbyterian Church - New York City (credit: Larry Trupiano, 2014)" width="200" > During the real estate boom of the 1920s, the church took advantage of its prime location and replaced their 25-year-old building with a new &quot;Skyscraper Church&quot; designed by Rosario Candela and constructed in 1928-29. The resulting building combines a 16-story apartment tower with a Central Park West address, along with a church sanctuary and classroom space set into the base and fronting West 96th Street. Other skyscraper churches from this era include the Church of the Strangers, Calvary Baptist Church, Madison Avenue Baptist Church, and the First Reformed Episcopal Church. <td colspan="6"><div align="center">| <a href="../../../index.html">NYC AGO Home Page</a> | <A HREF="../index.html">Back to NYC Organs List</A> | </div>
venue_addresses {html} =>
<span class="address">4 West 96th Street, near Central Park West</span> (since 1929)<br> <span class="address">96th Street &amp; Central Park West</span> (1894-1929)<br> <div class="organ with_specs"><a href="#Jardine">III/40 George Jardine &amp; Son</a> (1894)<br></div><span class="address">53 West 14th Street</span> (1853-1894)<br> <span class="address">Grand Street at Mercer</span> (1837-1852)<br> <span class="address">Cedar Street</span> (1768-1836) &ndash; known as Scots Presbyterian Church <br>
venue_sources {html} =>
<td class="sources"><h2 class="sources">Sources</h2> Alpern, Andrew. <em>The New York Apartment Houses of Rosario Candela and James Carpenter.</em> New York: Acanthus Press, 2001.<br> <em>The American Organist:</em> December 1929, July 1930, February 1931, March 1931, August 1931.<br> Dunlap, David. <em>From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan&#39;s Houses of Worship.</em> New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.<br> &quot;Important Scotch Church Anniversary,&quot; <em>The New York Observer</em> (Oct. 18, 1906).<br> Ochse, Orpha. <em>Austin Organs.</em> Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 2001.<br> Ogasapian, John. <em>Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. </em>Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977. <br> Webber, F.R. "Organ scrapbook" at Organ Historical Society Archives, Princeton, N.J. Specification of George Jardine &amp; Son organ (1894). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.<br> Illustrations Braklow, Robert. Exterior (c.1910) of church on West 96th Street at Central Park West. Collection of the New-York Historical Society.<br> Trupiano, Larry. Interior (2014); rebuilt console (2013) of Austin Organ, Op. 1640 (1929).<br> Wurts Bros. (New York, N.Y.). Console (1929) of Austin Organ, Op. 1640; Exterior (1930) of 360 Central Park West/4 West 96th Street. Collection of the Museum of the City of New York.
venue_html_ip {html} =>
<td><h3 class="venue_name"><a href="/Organs/NYC/html/SecondPres.html">Second Presbyterian Church</a></h3> (Upper West Side)</td> <td><span class="address">6 West 96th Street </span>(since 1929)<br> <div class="organ with_specs">IV/45 Austin, reb. James A. Konzelman Organs (1978)</div> <div class="organ with_specs">IV/63 Austin Organ Company, Op. 1640 (1929)</div> <span class="address">Central Park West at 96th Street</span> (1894-1929) &ndash; renamed Second Presbyterian Church<br> <div class="organ with_specs">III/40 George Jardine &amp; Son (1894)</div> <span class="address">53 West 14th Street</span> (1853-1894)<br> <div class="organ">unknown</div> <span class="address">Grand Street at Mercer</span> (1837-1852) &ndash; sold to Fourth Presbyterian Church<br> <div class="organ">unknown, if any</div> <span class="address">Cedar Street</span> (1768-1837) &ndash; known as Scots or Scotch Presbyterian Church<br> <div class="organ">unknown, if any</div></td>
venue_html_vp {html} =>
[WIP]
num_organs_ip => 6
num_organs_vp => 9
organs_summary {html} =>
<h2 class="organs_summary">Organ Specifications:</h2> <span class="address">4 West 96th Street, near Central Park West</span> (since 1929)<br> <a href="#Austin1978">IV/40 Austin Organ Co., Op. 1640</a>; rev. J. A. Konzelman (1978) <a href="#Austin1929">IV/63 Austin Organ Co., Op. 1640</a> (1929) <span class="address">96th Street &amp; Central Park West</span> (1894-1929)<br> <a href="#Jardine">III/40 George Jardine &amp; Son</a> (1894)<br><span class="address">53 West 14th Street</span> (1853-1894)<br> unknown <span class="address">Grand Street at Mercer</span> (1837-1852)<br> unknown, if any <span class="address">Cedar Street</span> (1768-1836) &ndash; known as Scots Presbyterian Church <br> unknown, if any
organs_html_ip {html} =>
IV/45 Austin, reb. James A. Konzelman Organs (1978)
IV/63 Austin Organ Company, Op. 1640 (1929)
III/40 George Jardine & Son (1894)
unknown
unknown, if any
unknown, if any
organs_html_vp {html} =>
IV/40 Austin Organ Co., Op. 1640; rev. J. A. Konzelman (1978)
53 West 14th Street (1853-1894)
unknown
unknown, if any
unknown, if any

ORGAN 6/0

---------- unknown, if any ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16
Bourdon
61
4
Octave
61
8
Principal
61
2
Fifteenth
61
8
Bourdon
61
Mixture IV ranks
244
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

8
Gedeckt **
73
Cymbale III ranks
183
8
Viola
73
16
Contre Trompette
73
8
Viola Celeste *
73
8
Trompette
73
4
Principal *
73
8
Hautbois
73
4
Spitzflöte
73
4
Clairon
73
2
Octave
61
Tremulant
Sesquialtera II ranks **
122
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16
Erzähler *
73
2
Blockflöte
61
8
Stoverflöte **
73
8
Trompette **
73
8
Erzähler *
73
8
Clarinet *
73
8
Erzähler Celeste *
73
8
English Horn *
73
4
Flauto Traverso **
73
8
Voix Humaine *
73
2 2/3
Nazard *
61
Tremulant
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 4]

8
Harmonic Trumpet **
73
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 5]

32
Contra Bourdon (ext.) *
12
4
Flute *
32
16
Principal (wood) *
32
32
Contra Bombarde *
44
16
Subbass *
32
16
Bombarde (fr. 32') *
16
Erzähler
CH
16
Contre Trompette
SW
8
Octave *
32
8
Trompette
SW
8
Bourdon *
32
4
Clairon
SW
4
Choralbass *
32
2
Zink
32
* from Austin Organ, Op. 1640
** revoiced and/or rescaled from Austin Op. 1640
---

ORGAN 7/1 -- Austin Organ Company [Austin1978]

----------

Austin Organ Company

Hartford, Conn. – Opus 1640 (1929)
Revised by James A. Konzelman Organs
Maplewood, New Jersey (1978 )
Electropneumatic key and stop action
4 manuals, 44 registers, 38 stops, 45 ranks
Beginning in 1978, the large Austin organ was partially rebuilt and reduced in scope to better meet the needs of the space and the ongoing financial commitments necessary to maintain a pipe organ in excellent condition. James A. Konzelman (then with the Church Organ Company of Edison, N.J., and now proprietor of Konzelman Organs, Inc., Hoboken, N.J.) supervised the project, which included the rebuilding of the Great, Swell and Pedal divisions and the revoicing, addition, and subtraction of many ranks throughout the instrument. The church has begun a rebuilding campaign which will include solid-state wiring and combination action, new keyboards and rebuilding of the pedal board. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 1]

16
Diapason Two
109
2
Diapason Two (fr. 16')
8
Diapason One
73
1 3/5
Tierce
61
8
Diapason Two (fr. 16')
16
Trumpet
97
8
Dulciana
73
8
Trumpet (fr. 16')
8
Doppelfloete
73
4
Trumpet (fr. 16')
8
Clarabella
73
Harp
61 bars
8
Gamba
73
Chimes
SO
8
Gemshorn
73
Great 16'
4
Diapason Two (fr. 16')
Great Unison Off
4
Waldfloete
73
Great 4'
2 2/3
Diapason Two (fr. 16')
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16
Salicional
97
1 3/5
Tierce
61
8
Diapason
73
1
Twenty-second
61
8
Rohrfloete
73
Mixture IV ranks (selective)
8
Flauto Dolce
73
16
Oboe Horn
97
8
Flute Celeste (TC)
61
8
Cornopean
73
8
Viole d'Orchestre
73
8
Oboe Horn (fr. 16')
8
Viole Celeste
73
8
Orchestral Oboe
8
Salicional (fr. 16')
73
8
Vox Humana
61
8
Voix Celeste
73
4
Oboe Horn (fr. 16')
8
Muted Viole
73
Tremulant – Vox
8
Aeoline
73
Tremulant
4
Flute Harmonique
73
Harp
GT
4
Chimney Flute
73
Swell 16'
4
Salicional (fr. 16')
Swell Unison Off
2 2/3
Salicional (fr. 16')
Swell 4'
2
Piccolo
61
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 3]

16
Gemshorn
97
2
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
8
Diapason
73
1 3/5
Tierce
61
8
Concert Flute
73
1 1/7
Septieme
61
8
Quintadena
73
1
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
8
Viole
73
8
Corno d'Amore
73
8
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
8
Clarinet
73
8
Dolce
73
8
English Horn
73
8
Unda Maris (TC)
61
Tremulant
5 1/3
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
Harp
GT
4
Flauto Traverso
73
Chimes
SO
4
Flute d'Amour
73
Choir 16'
4
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
Choir Unison Off
2 2/3
Gemshorn (fr. 16')
Choir 4'
---

Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 4]

8
Stentorphone
73
8
French Horn
73
8
Grossfloete
73
8
Bassoon
73
8
Gross Gamba
73
Tremulant
8
Gamba Celeste
73
Chimes
25 bars
4
Doppelfloete
73
Solo 16'
8
Tuba Mirabilis
73
Solo Unison Off
8
French Trumpet
73
Solo 4'
---

Echo Organ (Duplexed to Great and Solo – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 5]

16
Fernfloete
97
8
Vox Angelica
73
8
Cor d'Nuit
73
4
Fernfloete (fr. 16')
8
Quintadena
73
8
Vox Humana
61
8
Fernfloete (fr. 16')
Tremulant –Vox
8
Unda Maris (TC)
61
Tremulant
8
Viole Aetheria
73
---

Pedal Organ – 32 notes [Organ div no. 6]

32
Bourdon (ext.)
12
8
Violone (fr. 16')
32
Resultant [Diap.-Bdn.]
8
Gemshorn
CH
16
Diapason
44
4
Bourdon
16
Diapason
GT
32
Bombarde
44
16
Bourdon
56
16
Bombarde (fr. 32')
16
Violone
44
16
Trumpet
GT
16
Salicional
SW
16
Oboe Horn
SW
16
Gemshorn
CH
8
Trumpet
GT
8
Diapason (fr. 16')
8
Oboe Horn
SW
8
Bourdon (fr. 16')
Echo Pedal:
8
Gamba Celeste II ranks
SO
16
Fernfloete
EC
---

Couplers [Organ div no. 7]

Great to Pedal 8', 4' Choir to Swell 16', 8', 4'
Swell to Pedal 8', 4' Solo to Swell 16', 8', 4'
Choir to Pedal 8', 4' Great to Choir 16', 8', 4'
Solo to Pedal 8', 4' Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
Swell to Great 16', 8', 4' Solo to Choir 16', 8', 4'
Choir to Great 16', 8', 4' Great to Solo 16', 8', 4'
Solo to Great 16', 8', 4' Swell to Solo 16', 8', 4'
Great to Swell 8' Choir to Solo 16', 8', 4'
---

Adjustable Combinations [Organ div no. 8]

*Great Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb)
*Swell Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb)
*Choir Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb)
*Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Echo-Great Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
Echo-Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb; 1-6 duplicated by toe)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb)
Master Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (controlling 1 to 6 of Manuals & 2 to 7 of Pedal)
General Cancel (thumb)
Cancellor Bars for each division
* Double touch; the second touch adding control of manual couplers, pedal couplers, and pedal stops
---

Reversibles [Organ div no. 9]

Great to Pedal (thumb & toe) Solo to Pedal (thumb & toe)
Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe) Full Organ (thumb & toe)
Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)
---

Accessories [Organ div no. 10]

Balanced Expression Peda – Great
Echo-Solo preparation
Balanced Expression Pedal – Swell
Echo-Great preparation
Balanced Expression Pedal – Choir
Color Scheme:
Balanced Expression Pedal – Solo
Diapasons, Flutes: White
Balanced Expression Pedal – Echo
Strings: Amber
Balanced Register Crescendo Pedal
Reeds: Red
Couplers Off Crescendo Pedal
Percussion, Tremulants: White
Independent Crescendo Coupler (coupling any set of shutters to the Echo shoe)
Couplers: Black
Tremulant Toe-Touches (on each Crescendo Shoe)
Crescendo Indicators
---

ORGAN 8/2 -- Austin Organ Company [Austin1929]

---------- Austin Organ, Op. 1640 (1929) at Second Presbyterian Church - New York City (Wurts Bros., 1929, MCNY)) Original console (credit: Wurts Bros., 1929, MCNY)

Austin Organ Company

Hartford, Conn. – Opus 1640 (1929)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 100 registers, 63 stops, 63 ranks, 4,531 pipes
The contract for the original organ in the present building was awarded in 1928 to the Austin Organ Company of Hartford, Conn., after intense competition from the Skinner Organ Company of Boston. Herbert Brown, the Austin representative, sent a letter dated August 9, 1928, along with the signed contract, to the Austin Company in which he wrote, "The Skinner Company have been perfectly willing to cut prices underneath Austin and in addition willing to pay one of the parties ten thousand to get it." Among various threats, Skinner's representative met with the Committee and told them that they "owe it to God and Mankind to buy a Skinner organ." Much of the competition had to do with the fact that the church's organist, T. Scott Buhrman, was also the colorful and outspoken editor of The American Organist magazine. The Service of Dedication took place on February 23, 1930, with Mr. Buhrman at the organ. A public discussion of the organ was published in several issues of The American Organist, including a description by Mr. Buhrman of the organ's orchestral design, commentary by "organ architect" William H. Barnes, and a carefully worded critique by Hugh Porter, a concert organist who was then organist at the Church of the Heavenly Rest, itself the owner of a recent but even larger Austin organ. ----------

Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 1]

16 Double Open Diapason 61 4 Principal 61
8 Open Diapason 61
2 2/3
Nazard 61
8 Gamba 61 2 Piccolo 61
8
Doppel Flöte
61
Mixture IV ranks
244
8
Melodia
61
8
Trumpet
61
4
Flute Harmonique
61
---

Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed [Organ div no. 2]

16 Bourdon 61 4 Flauto Traverso 61
8 Open Diapason 61 2 Flautina 61
8 Salicional 61 Cornet III ranks 183
8 Aeoline 61 8 Oboe & Bassoon 61
8 Voix Celeste II ranks 122? 8 Vox Humana 61
8 Lieblich Gedackt 61 Tremulant
4 Violina 61
---

Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes [Organ div no. 3]

8 Viola 61 4 Flute d'Amour 61
8 Dulciana 61 2 Piccolo 61
8 Clarabella 61 8 Clarione 61
4 Gemshorn 61
---

Pedal Organ – 30 notes [Organ div no. 4]

32 Harmonic Resultant 8 Violoncello 30
16 Open Diapason 30 8 Bass Flute 30
16 Bourdon 30
---

Couplers (by tablets) [Organ div no. 5]

Swell to Great Great to Pedal
Swell to Great super Swell to Pedal
Choir to Great Choir to Pedal
Choir to Great sub Pedal at octaves
Swell to Choir
Great Separation Bellows signal
---

Pistons [Organ div no. 6]

6 to Great Organ
4 to Swell Organ
3 to Choir Organ
---

Pedal Movements [Organ div no. 7]

Forte (full organ) Balanced Swell Pedal
Piano Great to Pedal reversible
---

ORGAN 9/3 -- George Jardine & Son [Jardine]

---------- Organ in previous church on Central Park West at 96th Street:

George Jardine & Son

New York City (1894)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 35 registers, 34 stops, 40 ranks
The following specification was recorded by F.R. Webber, whose "Organ Scrapbooks" are in the possession of The Organ Historical Society Archives in Princeton, N.J. ----------
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date_modified => 2022-03-11 16:32:03
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